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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 August 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in
human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers
and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating
values.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

1) “Cooperative federalism is the want of the hour for restored management of dams in India”. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 The Lok Sabha recently passed the Dam Safety Bill, 2019 by a voice vote. The Bill seeks to provide for institutional mechanism for surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of specified dams across the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must address the aspect of need of cooperative federalism in managing dams in India.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief state the recent coming of Dam safety Bill.

Body:

Discuss that Dams are critical infrastructure developed for irrigation, power generation, flood moderation and supply of water for drinking and industrial use.

As such their safety has serious consequences for human life, ecology and public and private assets and a matter of great concern to the general public and becomes a national responsibility to take necessary steps to ensure it.

Explain what is cooperative federalism? Discuss its role in managing dams, relevance to dam safety bill etc. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that going forward, all the states will learn the lessons and will work towards national welfare by strengthening cooperative federalism.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

2) “Any step towards overhauling the Judicial System should intend to balance judicial independence and judicial accountability.” Examine the above statement in the light of recent controversies. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to address the need for balancing independence and accountability of the judiciary.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss the need for balancing judicial independence and judicial accountability amidst newer changes that are being made in the judicial system for improvisation.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the recent changes that have been made in the judiciary.

Body:

Explain the importance of judicial review and importance of system of checks and balances. Highlight the need for judicial accountability by pointing out Basic structure doctrine, usurping powers of executive, lack of judicial values and non-obligation to RTI. Highlight the ways in which judicial independence and judicial accountability can be balanced by pointing out Code of Conduct, Judicial ethics, Judges Association, Transparency, Steps for Parliamentary reform.

Conclusion:

Reiterate the need to ensure judicial accountability while balancing Independence.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

3) Do you think Big data analytics holds potential to bring revolutionary change in Agricultural Industry of the country? Discuss in detail the Role of data analysis in agriculture. (250 words)

Downtoearth

Why this question:

The role of big data analytics in agricultural industry.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the possible role that big data analytics can play in revolutionizing agricultural industry in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on what is Big data analytics.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain that in agriculture, big data is often viewed as a combination of technology and analytics that can collect and compile novel data and process it in a more useful and timely way to assist decision making.

Relate the relevance of it to different practices such as precision agriculture, organic farming, ZBNF etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4) “Large parts of India have been facing calamitous floods, the frequency of such disasters has been on the rise. How disastrous they prove, however, would depend on how prepared we are.” Critically analyse in the light of recent incidents. (250 words)

livemint

 

Why this question: 

The article paints a dismal picture of the flood conditions facing the country and the reasons underlying for their impact.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the need and necessity of disaster preparedness and how this aspect alone has much to decide on the nature of disaster and its impact.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Brief about the recent flood situation in the country.

Body

Point out to the causes of the occurrence of the disasters; explain in what way the impact of the floods has been huge and impulsive owing to lack of preparedness.

Discuss that How well a country mobilizes resources to tackle disasters, natural or otherwise, is a sign of how advanced it really is. India has made progress, but our efforts need to be stepped up.

Quote case studies, discuss examples where preparedness for disasters have proved to be a solution.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) As India becomes a large domestic and international aviation market, the need to create a local leasing community has gained significance. In this context examine the merits and demerits of the move taken by the government for creating a rupee-based leasing industry.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The Finance Minister, in her maiden budget, laid the foundation of building an important component of the aviation sector following the release of the ‘Rupee Raftaar’ report at the Global Aviation Summit in Mumbai in January earlier this year.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the nuances of the aircraft leasing industry and the potential it holds for India.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the facts /current scenario of Aviation industry.

Body:

The answer must discuss the advantages and disadvantages of creating rupee-based leasing industry in the country.

Explain what all factors would it address, what will be the key objectives etc.

Creating a rupee-based leasing industry will address many objectives: (1) high-skill job creation in financing and across the value chain, (2) retaining economic value in India, (3) offering local savers a new investment class, (4) creating a product more-suited to the needs and requirements of the local industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and its significance.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6) Discuss the role played by ethics in maintaining interpersonal relationship. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the role played by ethics in maintaining interpersonal relationship.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what are interpersonal relationships in short.

Body:

Explain that being ethical isn’t always easy, and to truly be a moral person, you have to try and be ethical in every aspect of life. One aspect in particular is interpersonal communication, or the direct exchange of information between two or more people. 

Discuss the importance of interpersonal relationship and how ethics influences it using suitable illustrations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of ethics.


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) Discuss the Role of Society in inculcating values in individuals. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the Role of Society in inculcating values in individuals.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the Role of Society in inculcating values in individuals.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss what are values and their importance.

Body:

Explain what is the importance of values in society?

Role played by society in imparting values to the individuals.

Discuss the elements of the society who have great influence in people include: Friends, Neighbors, Media, films, Religion, Leaders, Government etc.

Explain in what way they influence on the formation and inculcation of values in each of these individuals.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the role played by society.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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