Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
4) “Large parts of India have been facing calamitous floods, the frequency of such disasters has been on the rise. How disastrous they prove, however, would depend on how prepared we are.” Critically analyse in the light of recent incidents. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article paints a dismal picture of the flood conditions facing the country and the reasons underlying for their impact.
Demand of the question:
The answer must discuss in detail the need and necessity of disaster preparedness and how this aspect alone has much to decide on the nature of disaster and its impact.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Brief about the recent flood situation in the country.
Point out to the causes of the occurrence of the disasters; explain in what way the impact of the floods has been huge and impulsive owing to lack of preparedness.
Discuss that How well a country mobilizes resources to tackle disasters, natural or otherwise, is a sign of how advanced it really is. India has made progress, but our efforts need to be stepped up.
Quote case studies, discuss examples where preparedness for disasters have proved to be a solution.
Conclude with way forward.