Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1) “Cooperative federalism is the want of the hour for restored management of dams in India”. Analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
The Lok Sabha recently passed the Dam Safety Bill, 2019 by a voice vote. The Bill seeks to provide for institutional mechanism for surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of specified dams across the country.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must address the aspect of need of cooperative federalism in managing dams in India.
analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
In brief state the recent coming of Dam safety Bill.
Discuss that Dams are critical infrastructure developed for irrigation, power generation, flood moderation and supply of water for drinking and industrial use.
As such their safety has serious consequences for human life, ecology and public and private assets and a matter of great concern to the general public and becomes a national responsibility to take necessary steps to ensure it.
Explain what is cooperative federalism? Discuss its role in managing dams, relevance to dam safety bill etc.
Conclude that going forward, all the states will learn the lessons and will work towards national welfare by strengthening cooperative federalism.