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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in
human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers
and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating
values.


General Studies – 1


Topic:   poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) “Poverty has a female face and economic crisis hits women the hardest”, provide for your concurrence with suitable justifications.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures a dismal picture of the conditions of women in the drought-stricken regions of Maharashtra and the toll that it has been taking especially on the women in the society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must critically evaluate the relationship between poverty and women and how often the economic crisis hits women the hardest.

Directive:

Justify – here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon using suitable illustrations/case studies.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State facts of the matter in the question.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

The burden of poverty weighs down heavier on girls and women in India than it does on the opposite sex.

Quote various reports that justify this fact like the United Nations report, called “Turning Promises into Action: Gender Equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.

Take cues from the article and quote the case study of Beed in Maharashtra and explain the issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome these major challenges prevalent in the Indian society.


Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2) The “Elder Abuse Study Report-2018” shows the grim condition of the old-aged in the country. How far do you think that modernization is responsible for this condition? Also discuss the steps taken by the government to provide geriatric care.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The question intends to evaluate the connection between modernization and the elder abuse in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the situation of the old-aged population in the country, issues and challenges of elder abuse and what needs to be done to overcome the same.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State facts from the report and highlight the current problem.

Body:

Explain in what way the advent of technology has adversely impacted the lives of the elderly in the country, contributing to abuse and their feelings of isolation.

Quote that recent surveys have revealed while 73 per cent elders felt their adult children were too busy on the phones even when at home with them, over 60 per cent of them agreed quality time spent with their children and grandchildren has decreased with the increase in usage of phones and computers. Social media, in particular, 78 per cent of the respondents said, had decreased the family time spent together.

Explain what needs to be done? How can these concerns be overcome and suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3) How far can the idea of electric vehicles help tackle the air pollution problem in India? Don’t you think it can no longer be tackled with short term, reactive solutions but long term multi-pronged solutions? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the context of discussing Air pollution and its effects on health, environment and economy, need of the hour.

Demand of the question:

The answer must relate the recent moves taken by government such as FAME-II etc. to promote electric vehicle mobility and the impact that it has on air pollution and to what extent it alone can prove to be a good fix, one must evaluate the short term versus long term fixes.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the electric vehicle policies that have been recently adopted and promoted by the govt.

Body:

The answer must first discuss the serious issue of air pollution in the country.

Then discuss the context of electric vehicles, the government’s vision to promote it and then with hints and clues from article discuss how this can not be a solution alone and that the problem would require a multi-pronged approach.

Conclusion:

Suggest other solutions and appreciate the efforts of the EV mobility policies at the same time. 

 


Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. 

4) Do you agree that the recently signed Singapore convention by United Nations will have huge impact on Indian economy in the context of global trade? Elucidate. (250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

 Recently the Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements (UNISA) resulting from mediation by the Republic of India scheduled to be held at Singapore on 7th August, 2019.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the impact of such a deal upon the Indian economy with reference to global trade.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define the context of the question.

Body:

First discuss about the UNISA, its key features.

Then explain how Signing of the Convention will boost the confidence of the investors and shall provide a positive signal to foreign investors about India’s commitment to adhere to international practice on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) and thus boost trade and economy of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5)  The recently released IPCC report has inferred that reduction in global heating would require transformation of food production and land management, in the light of the above statement discuss the interlinkages of climate change and land management and recommend what needs to be done. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The article discusses the findings of the recently released IPCC report and its inference.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the interlinkages of climate change and land management and recommend what needs to be done.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In brief quote the key highlights of the IPCC report.

Body

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change special report on climate change and land, released in Geneva on Thursday, found limiting global heating to below 2 degree Celsius can only be achieved by reducing emissions from all sectors – including land and food.

It finds the climate crisis is affecting all aspects of food security – including availability, price and nutrition – but that coordinated action to cut global emissions could simultaneously improve land resources, food security and nutrition and help to address hunger.

Discuss the aspect of land; Land use has always been part of conversations on climate change and activities like afforestation have held an important place in the fight against global warming.

Suggest solutions as what needs to be done.

Conclusion 

Conclude with significance of the findings and need for urgent action.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6) Mention any two unethical practices in society today and suggest a sustainable solution to each.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is straight forward and from the static aspects of the syllabus.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out any 2 unethical practices prevalent in the Indian society.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the need on ethics.

Body:

There is nothing much to deliberate in such a question, students may choose to write any relevant incidences from day to day life or from personal experiences justifying the unethical practices that they might have witnessed along with suitable solutions to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need of ethics in the society for betterment.


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) Discuss any five naturally acceptable feelings in human-human relationships.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Key demand of the question:

Explain any five naturally acceptable feelings in human-human relationships.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the significance of feelings and their importance in human-human relationships.

Body:

One can discuss any key values ranging from trust, respect, affection, care, guidance, reverence, glory, gratitude and love. Explain any five in detail and how these values foster stronger human-human relationship.

Explain how such values foster happiness, quality of life, bring mutual happiness among human-human relationships.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such values.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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