Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
2) “River linking projects for the country are a great challenge and at the same time an opportunity to address the water issues arising out of climate change.” Critically analyse the statement in the light of recent floods witnessed across the country.(250 words)
The Big Picture- floods and river linking
Why this question:
The debate captures in depth analysis of river linking projects for India and in what way they are a boon and a bane at the same time.
Demand of the question:
The answer must analyse in detail the pros and cons of the river interlinking projects in the backdrop of recent floods witnessed across the country.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Start with key facts depicting the uneven distribution of rains across the country.
The interlinking project aims to link India’s rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals that will allow for their water capacities to be shared and redistributed.
According to some, this is an engineered panacea that will reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts besides facilitating the generation of hydroelectricity for an increasingly power-hungry country.
Discuss in brief the history of interlinking projects in India.
Then explain the positives of such a policy.
Discuss the demerits – financial viability, physical viability, will adversely affect land, forests, biodiversity, rivers and the livelihood of millions of people etc.
Discuss examples of successes and failures and suggest what should be done.
Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.