Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research
What to study?
For prelims: About the award and key contributions of Vikram Sarabhai.
For mains: Contributions of India and Indians to the development of space technology.
Context: As part of centenary year celebrations of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, father of Indian space programme, ISRO has announced its “Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research”.
The award recognizes and rewards journalists who have actively contributed towards the field of space science, applications, and research.
Eligibility: The nominations are open to all Indians who have a good experience in journalism.
The names of the selected candidates will be announced on August 1st, 2020.
About Vikram Sarabhai and his contributions:
Vikram Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919. Sarabhai was instrumental in forming India’s future in astronomy and setting up the country’s space research facilities.
- Based on his persuasion, the Indian government agreed to set up the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962.
- Sarabhai was the first chairman of the committee.
- The INCOSPAR was restructured and renamed as Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969.
- Sarabhai founded the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad in the year 1947. The laboratory started its operation from RETREAT, Sarabhai’s residence in Ahmedabad. Its first topic of research was cosmic rays.
- He also set up India’s first rocket launch site in Thumba, a small village near the Thiruvananthapuram airport in Kerala.
- Vikram Sarabhai was also responsible for bringing cable television to India. His constant contact with NASA paved a way for the establishment of Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) in 1975.
- Sarabhai was the mastermind behind building India’s first satellite, Aryabhata.
- He was one of the founding members of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIMA).
- Vikram Sarabhai received the Padma Bhushan in 1966 for his contribution to India’s progress. He was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1972, posthumously.