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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate


General Studies – 1


Topic:   The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) ‘August Kranti’ was an important milestone in the Indian freedom struggle for it was more of a spontaneous revolt than a planned movement of Congress. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

India is observing the 77th anniversary of Quit India Movement today on August 8.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in what way quit India movement was significant. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief background of quit India movement – last mass movement for independence, call of Do or Die given by Gandhiji, World war 2 had heightened fears and sensitivities.

Body:

  • It was 77 years ago that All India Congress Committee approved the ‘Quit India Resolution’ in Bombay Session, paving way for a mass movement to attain independence.
    As a precursor to India’s independence, the Quit India Movement was launched at Mumbai’s historic Gowalia Tank Maidan, now popularly known as August Kranti Maidan on 8th August 1942.
    Mahatma Gandhi’s clarion call of ‘Do or Die’ inspired thousands of party workers but also created a frenzy among the British who rushed to imprison the entire Congress leadership.

Conclusion:

Conclude with reassertion of the movement even as of today.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Discuss the key features of recently passed Consumer Protection Bill, 2019. What are the issues and concerns involved? Discuss along with significance of the same.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The Rajya Sabha on Tuesday passed the Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 that provides for the establishment of authorities for the timely and effective administration and settlement of consumer disputes.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward, one has to first list down the key features of the Consumer Protection Bill, 2019.then discuss the concerns associated along with significance of the act.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State that the Bill seeks to replace the three-decade-old Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Body:

Bring out the highlights of the bill – detail upon the key provisions.

Provide for a comparison of the current bill and the old 1986 act.

Then move on to discuss the lacunae involved and how these are to be overcome. Discuss the significance of the bill, how can it prove to be a landmark change in terms of consumer protection.

Conclusion:

What should be the way forward.


Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests .Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

3) “Multilateral institutions have lived longer than their usefulness, now is the time for bilateral institutions.” Do you agree with the statement? Discuss in the context of the ongoing global trade war. (250 words)

Economictimes

 

Why this question: 

The question is in the backdrop of ongoing trade war between US and China.

Demand of the question:

The answer needs to provide for a detailed analysis on how the multilateral institutions are losing relevance in the current context of global trade wars and the bilateral institutions are the need of the hour.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Write in a few lines about the ongoing trade war between US and China.

Body

Mention as the US-China trade war rapidly turns into a full-fledged economic war after Washington’s designation of China as a currency manipulator on 5 August, China appears to have an upper hand in holding out longer than the US.

Then move onto discuss how the role of multilateral institutions has been diminishing with escalating tensions between the two countries. Explain this has led to tinker upon the need for bilateral institutions.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) Write a short note on United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA).(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Earlier this month, India contributed USD 5 million to the UN Palestine refugee agency and called for ensuring sustained fiscal support for the organization’s work.

Key demand of the question:

The answer is straightforward and expects one to discuss in depth the mandate, genesis and relevance of UNRWA.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief the coming of UNRWA.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects – 

  • It was established in 1949, following the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. 
  • In the absence of a solution to the Palestine refugee problem, the General Assembly has repeatedly renewed UNRWA’s mandate, most recently extending it until 30 June 2020.
  • What is its mandate? – To support Palestinian refugees, and their patrilineal descendants, who fled or were expelled from their homes during the 1948 Palestine war and 1967 Six Day war.
  • What services does it provide? – It provides education, health care, and social services to the population it supports.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the agency.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

5) Discuss the key mandate carried out by Assam rifles. What are the issues and concerns surrounding the dual control of the same? Critically analyse while suggesting solutions to the same.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to examine the mandate of the security force – Assam rifles, the issues surrounding it.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of Assam rifles as an internal security force, the issues and concerns involved in it and solutions to tackle the same.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief intro on genesis of Assam Rifles.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain the genesis – The Assam Rifles was established in 1835. It is considered as the oldest of all paramilitary forces. 

Significance – This force plays a crucial role in North East India, handling counterinsurgency and border security operations. They are also guarding the 1,643 km long Indo-Myanmar border since 2002.

 Though it is classified as a Central Armed Police Force, its tactics, training, equipment and operational mandate closely mirror those of the Indian Army. It is headed by an Army officer of the rank of Lieutenant General. It currently reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Discuss the issues involved with respect to dual control and others.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

6) Discuss the critical role played by National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in providing a specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster in the country.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The recent disasters ranging from earthquakes to floods have necessitated discussion around the role played by NDRF in the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role played by NDRF.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialized force constituted “for the purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster” under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.

Body:

Explain in brief the composition of the NDRF -is a force of 12 battalions, organized on para-military lines, and manned by persons on deputation from the para-military forces of India: three Border Security Force, three Central Reserve Police Force, two Central Industrial Security Force, two Indo-Tibetan Border Police and two Sashastra Seema Bal.

Discuss the functional parameters- The aim of the National Disaster Management Authority is to build a safer and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology driven strategy for disaster management. 

This has to be achieved through a culture of prevention, mitigation and preparedness to generate a prompt and efficient response at the time of disasters. This national vision inter alia, aims at inculcating a culture of preparedness among all stakeholders.

Quote the recent case studies where it has played crucial role.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its importance.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  corporate governance.

7) Discuss the role and significance of independent directors for corporate governance.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The question is in the context of corporate governance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what is the role of an independent director in the corporate governance paradigm.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define briefly what is corporate governance.

Body:

Discuss who is an independent director – As per section 149 (6) of The Companies Act, 2013, Independent Director means any director other than a managing director or whole-time director or a nominee director.

Explain the role of independent directors in general – Independent directors act as a guide to the company. Their roles broadly include improving corporate credibility and governance standards functioning as a watchdog, and playing a vital role in risk management. Independent directors play an active role in various committees set up by company to ensure good governance.

Explain thus the Need to have independent directors on the board.

Conclusion:

Conclude that relation of Independent Directors with the Corporate Governance Principles is crucial for good governance in the corporate world.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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