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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized
crime with terrorism


General Studies – 1


Topic:  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1) Discuss the salient features of the Indian independence act (1947) relating to the transfer of power. How far have they been successful in terms of relevance of today’s political set up?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recent legal nuances of abrogation of Article 370.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the salient features of Indian Independence act of 1947 in detail and then explain its significance and relevance as of today.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the background of the act in short.

Body:

Explain first the Important provisions under this Act – 

  • Partition of the British India into two new and fully sovereign dominions-India and Pakistan with effect from August 15, 1947;
  • Division of the provinces of Bengal & Punjab among the two newly formed countries;
  • The offices of Governor-General in both the countries would be set up. These Governor-General would be representing the Crown;
  • The complete legislative authority would be conferred in the hands of the Constituent Assemblies of the two new countries;
  • The British suzerainty over the princely states would be terminated from August 15, 1947;
  • Abolishing the use of title “Emperor of India” by the British monarch;
  • The Act includes the division of the armed forces between the two countries.

Discuss then the relevance of it today.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Discuss the issue of childhood obesity in India. Suggest measures to tackle with it. (250 words)

Downtoearth

Why this question: 

India has the second highest number of obese children in the world, with 14.4 million reported cases, according to a new study published in The New England Journal of Medicine. The article explains in detail the causes and consequences of the issue.

Demand of the question:

One must explain in depth the issue of child obesity in India and what are the causes, what needs to be done to overcome the alarming issue.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

State few facts to justify the assertion in the question statement about the child obesity.

Body

Explain what is child obesity? – Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child’s health or wellbeing. Discuss the causes of it. Explain what are the possible consequences – effect on overall health and on the generations to come. Discuss how to overcome it.

Conclusion 

Conclude by suggesting solutions.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3)  In the recent past the parliament has been aggressively pushing bills on many fronts for a better India, however they suffer from the common malady that they are likely to be extremely under-enforced because of weak state capacity. Should Parliament pass laws that the government cannot enforce? Analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

 The article elaborately discusses in what way the laws are often not implemented and they remain only on paper.

Key demand of the question:

Answer should analyse clearly the lacunae in the governance on the implementation front, as to what are the reasons that hold back the implementation of laws that are aggressively put in place but often lose relevance due to lack of implementation.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First bring out in a line or two the recent laws that were passed by the parliament.

Body:

Take hints from the article and explain the hurdles that the country face on governance front specifically on the implementation front.

Explain what are the genuine problems with passing laws without the capacity to enforce them like – 

  • low capacity to enforce leads to arbitrary enforcement.
  • a rule violator weighs the expected costs and benefits of breaking a rule.
  • Stronger penalties that are under-enforced may actually incentivize more rule violation. When the enforcement infrastructure is overloaded, this also affects pre-existing laws and not just newly passed legislation. Etc. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting reasonable solutions, how India can take lessons from other countries etc. 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Agriculture

4) Organic Farming in India is an established age-old practice in India, but its ability to redress the grievances of farmers seems to be limited. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Downtoearth

Why this question:

The question aims to examine the success/achievements that organic farming can bring to farmers and to their income and in what way it has certain limitations.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the merits and demerits of organic farming.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is organic farming. 

Body:

The answer must justify how India has the highest number of organic farmers globally, but most of them are struggling.

Discuss the factors involved, quote facts such as – India is home to 30 per cent of the total organic producers in the world, but accounts for just 2.59 per cent (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares, according to the World of Organic Agriculture 2018 report.

Explain the issues involved, why farmers are unable to harness the full potential. What needs to be done etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

5) “The exponential growth of computer related crime equal with the increasing dependence of computers in our day-to -day lives has posed another tool for terrorists to spread terrorism”. Critically examine the statement in light of recent cyber incidences. (250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straight forward and is about discussing the increasing cyber terrorism incidence across the world.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the rising incidences of cyber terrorism across the world, quote examples and examine the issue in detail. 

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to examine, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is cyber terrorism.

Body:

Explain the rising incidences of cyber crimes and interlinkages of it with terrorism. Discuss the causative factors, analyse the security challenges it poses owing to its invisibleness. 

What needs to be done to address the challenge and control the spread of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions and way forward.


Topic:  Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6) Trace the changed security situation in Jammu and Kashmir and discuss the road ahead post the recent landmark political changes. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of recent scrapping of article 370 and the effect it has on the security front in Kashmir.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must trace the security situation in Kashmir and in what way the dynamics have been changing around the state.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief upon what were the issues I the past to current.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain first that the volatile security scenario in J&K is a manifestation of Pakistan’s proxy war with India, combined with the unsettled political issues of the state.

Explain the causative factors of challenges on security on various fronts.

Discuss the possible solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) The political leader is also the primary moral leader of a society”. Explain the reason for the above spectacle. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Reference

Why this question:

The question is set in the context analyzing the role of ethics in leadership.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of a political leader and in what way she/he is the primary moral leader of the society.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by a political leader.

Body:

Highlight the role of a political leader in a society, explain that he/she is the one who brings values to the surface in a society. 

Explain that Leadership is one of the most observed and least understood phenomena on earth. Discuss other facets of leadership and justify the answer with suitable example.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of the same.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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