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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized
crime with terrorism

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

1) Do you think a mere increase in the court’s strength may suffice to liquidate the burgeoning issue of large pendency of cases? Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Pendency of cases across courts in India has increased in the last decade.

Union Cabinet recently has approved a proposal to increase the strength of judges in Supreme Court from the present 31 to 34 (i.e. by 10%), including Chief Justice of India (CJI). Cabinet has approved a bill to amend the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act, 1956.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the issue of pendency of cases and in what way increasing the number of judges alone cant be a solution to the problem and there have to be a multi-pronged approach.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the current conditions with few vital statistics to substantiate.

Body:

There are more than 3 crore cases pending in different courts of India. Many of these cases are pending for more than 10 years. Explain first why there are too many cases pending in Indian courts? Suggest Solutions to the Problem of Pending Cases in Indian Courts.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

2) Analyse in what way helping farmers produce solar energy can help realise the government’s target of doubling farmers’ incomes.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The article discusses how solar energy can help the farmers realise doubling their income. 

Demand of the question:

One has to analyse and suggest in what way harnessing the solar plant potential can help farmers augment their income.

Directive word: 

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Discuss the initiatives taken on this front by the government recently.

Body

With the latest Budget mentioning how annadata (farmer) can become the urjadata (producer of solar power). Discussion should focus on explaining how alternative model can help farmers produce solar power on their lands. Take hints from the article and substantiate your opinion and establish how solar energy generation along with agriculture can prove to be a game changer for farmers in India.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3) A combination of increased urbanization, climate change and weak infrastructure is rapidly depleting water supply in cities across the country, discuss the various causes leading to such a crisis in Indian cities along with suggestions to overcome the same. (250 words)

livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail in what way the Indian cities are dealing with water crisis.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should be about the problems in Indian cities related to water crisis.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote the recent incidences depicting the water crisis situations in the cities.

Body:

The article very well captures how and why Indian cities are facing water issues and if not addressed in time the situation may get even worse.

Explain the interlinkages between water crisis and other factors that are contributing to it. 

Take hints from the article and organize your answer according to the context of the question.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggesting solutions to the problem.


Topic:  Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

4) “Providing portability of food security benefits all across the nation through One Nation One Ration Card can prove to be a game changer in the public distribution aspects of the country”. Comment.(250 words)

Newindianexpress

Why this question:

 In a major boost to National Food Security, Government of India launched the One Nation-One Ration Card scheme on a pilot basis in four States namely Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the key features of the scheme and how it is helping in augmenting the PDS in the country.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the concept of one nation one card.

Body:

Discuss the following – 

Features: Families who have food security cards can buy subsidized rice and wheat from any Fair Price Shop in these states. Their ration cards should be linked with Aadhar Number to avail this service.

Way ahead: The Centre is intended to extend the programme to all states by August next year so that the portability of the food security card implemented. There will also be creation of a Central Repository of all Ration Cards to help national level de-duplication.

Benefits: The national portability of Ration cards will ensure all beneficiaries especially the migrants in getting access to Public Distribution System (PDS) across the nation from any PDS shop of their own choice.

This will provide freedom to the beneficiaries as they will not be tied to any one PDS shop and reduce their dependence on shop owners and curtail instances of corruption.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Security challenges and their management in border areas.

5) Border administration/ management is a multifaceted task due to difficult topography and challenging relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and approaches for effective border management.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question expects us to discuss the challenges of border management and the strategies India has employed to tackle such challenges. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the issues faced by the country in managing its borders owing to hostile relations with neighbours or other countries and in what way it should manage and handle.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction stating the context of the question.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain the existing issues India is facing on border security fronts.

Explain challenges – Unilateral actions by some nations to change the status quo in their favour.

Misuse of borders (especially porous open borders) for smuggling, illegal migration, etc.

Little or no support from counterparts of neighbouring nations and in some cases active support by cross border elements to illegal activities.

Cultural, ethnic and linguistic affinity across borders and clan loyalties

Multiple agencies are involved in border management, lack of Inter agency cooperation and coordination

Support of state and non-state actors to aid infiltration, smuggling, trafficking.

Then discuss the measures that can be taken. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6) Discuss the similarities between the terrorism and organised crime, also discuss what are the various facets of linkages between organized crimes and terrorism.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is direct from the static portions of GS paper III. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the linkages of terrorism and organized crime and the similarities between the two, one can discuss how it can be tackled.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the terms – terrorism and organized crime.

Body:

Explain there are a number of increasingly similarities between terrorism and organized crime. Both use extreme violence and the threat of reprisals. Both use extreme violence and the threat of reprisals. Both use kidnappings, assassinations, and extortion. Both operate secretly, though at times publicly in friendly territory.

Discuss the challenges posed by them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) “We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world.” Comment upon the relevance of statement in the context of ethical conduct of an individual.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The quote is given by Gautam Buddha, one has to elucidate upon the statement in relevance of ethical conduct.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the relevance and significance of the quote.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define and expand upon the quote.

Body:

The quote needs to be explained with detailed case studies, one should explain how it is clear that an individual is what he/she thinks, it’s the thoughts that build a person, the attitude and values are engrained based upon the thoughts of a person.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of thoughts and values in individual’s life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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