Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas.
5) Border administration/ management is a multifaceted task due to difficult topography and challenging relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and approaches for effective border management.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question expects us to discuss the challenges of border management and the strategies India has employed to tackle such challenges.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the issues faced by the country in managing its borders owing to hostile relations with neighbours or other countries and in what way it should manage and handle.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief introduction stating the context of the question.
Discussion should include the following:
Explain the existing issues India is facing on border security fronts.
Explain challenges – Unilateral actions by some nations to change the status quo in their favour.
Misuse of borders (especially porous open borders) for smuggling, illegal migration, etc.
Little or no support from counterparts of neighbouring nations and in some cases active support by cross border elements to illegal activities.
Cultural, ethnic and linguistic affinity across borders and clan loyalties
Multiple agencies are involved in border management, lack of Inter agency cooperation and coordination
Support of state and non-state actors to aid infiltration, smuggling, trafficking.
Then discuss the measures that can be taken.
Conclude with way forward.