- Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
Pashmina Products Receive BIS Certification
What to study?
For prelims and mains: About BIS, Pashmina- Need for conservation, issues associated.
Context: Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has published an Indian Standard for identification, marking and labelling of Pashmina products to certify its purity.
Significance and the need for certification:
- The certification will help curb the adulteration of Pashmina.
- Protect the interests of local artisans and nomads who are the producers of Pashmina raw material.
- Assure the purity of Pashmina for customers.
- Discourage counterfeit or substandard products presently mislabeled and sold as genuine Pashmina in the market.
- Motivate the younger generation to continue in this profession as well as encourage more families to take up this occupation.
The nomadic Pashmina herders live in the hostile and tough terrain of Changthang and are solely dependent on Pashmina for their livelihood. At present, there are 2400 families rearing 2.5 lakh goats.
About Changthangi or Pashmina goat:
- It is a special breed of goat indigenous to the high altitude regions of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir.
- They are raised for ultra-fine cashmere wool, known as Pashmina once woven.
- These goats are generally domesticated and reared by nomadic communities called the Changpa in the Changthang region of Greater Ladakh.
- The Changthangi goats have revitalized the economy of Changthang, Leh and Ladakh region.
- The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.
- It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986.
- The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is the ex-officio President of the BIS.
- Composition: As a corporate body, it has 25 members drawn from Central or State Governments, industry, scientific and research institutions, and consumer organisations.
- It also works as WTO-TBT enquiry point for India.