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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 August 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03  August 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and
social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security;
money-laundering and its prevention.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) India’s many conflictual pasts should teach people understanding and appreciation, rather than revenge or retribution. Examine the statement in reference to Tipu Sultan on his achievements and his excesses.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

 The article discusses the contributions of Tipu Sultan, his achievements and excesses.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the necessity of Developing an understanding of our conflictual pasts, and not retribution, is the way to deal with ‘historical wounds’.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the context of the question in brief.

Body:

The discussion should surround upon the contributions of Tipu in the history of Karnataka and in what way the recent political views that have differed to see his contributions.

over the last few decades in Karnataka, there has been a steady inflation of shrill debates about Tipu’s legacy.

Discuss how such incidences shouldn’t be seen from the perspective of politics or retribution but from the angle of contribution.

Conclusion:

Form a fair and balanced opinion and conclude.


General Studies – 2


Topic Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) India has suffered from the problem of inappropriately trained doctors of varying quality since a very long time. Discuss in what way the newly passed National Medical Commission Bill, 2019 can address the issues associated with the regulating medical education and practice.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently, the National Medical Commission Bill, 2019 was passed by the parliament. The bill sets up the National Medical Commission (NMC) which will act as an umbrella regulatory body in the medical education system.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the pros and cons of the National Medical Commission Bill, 2019 and in what way it can address the current issues facing the medicine fraternity and their field.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly set the background of the question.

Body:

Explain the key features of the bill, discuss the merits and demerits of the provisions. The Bill seeks to repeal the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 and provide for a medical education system which ensures: (i) availability of adequate and high-quality medical professionals, (ii) adoption of the latest medical research by medical professionals, (iii) periodic assessment of medical institutions, and (iv) an effective grievance redressal mechanism.

Explain what were the issues with MCI, in what way the new bill addresses the issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with positive note and way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) Discuss the key areas that require restructuring to transform India’s Innovation ecosystem with special emphasis on the lessons it can take from other countries.(250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question:

The article discusses the case study of Israel with respect to the innovation ecosystem prevailing.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the areas that India need to focus and restructure to transform Innovation ecosystem and the lessons that it should take.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe about innovation ecosystem in the country.

Body:

Explain that India is a rising economic power and an increasingly important locus of innovation. India is changing from a locus of low-cost contract research and reverse engineering to a global center of high-value, indigenously generated innovation. To sustain this transformation, Indian policy makers increasingly recognize the need for continuing economic reforms, new public investments in the nation’s infrastructure, and new policy initiatives and institutions to encourage innovation, expand the skills and knowledge base of its population, and facilitate entrepreneurship.

Discuss how India can take lessons from Israel and suggest measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

4) Meticulous co-operation and intelligence-sharing are needed between the countries to fight the new age terrorism which has global reachand sophisticated tools at its disposal. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the need for Meticulous co-operation and intelligence-sharing are needed between the countries to fight the new age terrorism. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State the present challenges or the ones faced in the past on this front.

Body:

Briefly define terrorism and state with examples of how a

new version of terrorism has evolved. Discuss the reasons that led to the emergence of new age terrorism.

Suggest way forward how countries should tackle this threat and conclude suitably.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to the issue.


Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

5) What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline and discuss the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same. (250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of cyber warfare.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain what is cyber warfare, India’s preparedness aspects in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is cyber warfare.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Discuss the concept of cyber warfare – Cyberwarfare is a broad term describing the use of technological force within cyberspace.

Then move on to discuss the preparedness aspect of India. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for preparedness and readiness in terms of policies, force and laws.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) India’s many conflictual pasts should teach people understanding and appreciation, rather than revenge or retribution. Examine the statement in reference to Tipu Sultan on his achievements and his excesses. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question: 

The article provides for a detailed analysis Forest rights act and its mandate of achieving conservative justice.

Demand of the question:

The answer must bring out a detailed analysis of the FRA, the features it brings with itself.

Directive word: 

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly state details of the recent amendments made to the FRA.

Body

The Forest Rights Act (FRA) is a piece of social legislation which aims to address the historical injustice that our forest dwelling communities have had to face for nearly 150 years by providing them with security of tenure over land for cultivation and habitation through individual rights. 

Take hints from the article and justify the statement in question as to how the act can help achieve conservative justice and what are the lacunae in it.

One must explain and emphasize on the factor of ‘empathy’ needed for the forest dwellers in the mandate of the act.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Human Values

7)  Is it always right to tell the truth, even if it hurts or destroys someone else? What matters more, the life of an individual or the majesty of the moral law? Explain. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the aspect of being truthful under varying circumstances.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should analyse in what way being truthful and upholding the moral of being honest is difficult in certain situations and what is right whether to be truthful even in situations where the truth may hurt the individuals or the situation.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the value of truthfulness. 

Body:

One has to justify both the sides – if a lie preserves someone’s feelings, or protects someone from harm, it is the right thing to do. It is morally acceptable to lie when a falsehood protects someone from physical or emotional harm. Moreover, little white lies are socially accepted when they do no harm. For instance, telling a child that their drawing is nice or that their story is clever, is an example of this.

On the other hand, also explain If we do things that require justification, we are already doing something we aren’t supposed to be doing. Making excuses may sooth our logical mind temporarily, but it doesn’t do anything for the internal conflict that is created. When we deliberately do something that violates our core ethics, it sets in motion a destructive emotional conflict. The end result will be the slow erosion of our core values or the manifestation of some self-sabotaging behavior.

Conclusion:

Conclude with balanced opinion.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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