Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies, Important aspects of governance
3) Discuss the merits of the recently suggested amendments to the Inter-State River Waters Disputes Act of 1956 that provides for setting up of a separate tribunal every time a dispute arises, to what extent can such a change bring solutions to the existing inter-state river water disputes? Examine.(250 words)
Why this question:
Recently Lok Sabha cleared bill to speed up resolution of inter-state river water disputes by establishing a single central tribunal in place of the numerous existing ones.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate the significance of such step and analyse to what extent can such a solution work given the current conditions and past legacy of issues with respect to inter-state river water disputes.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss the context of the question in short.
Explain how Inter-state River Water Dispute (Amendment) Bill, 2019, follows the failure of existing tribunals to resolve river water disputes in a time-bound manner. Of the nine tribunals set up to adjudicate such disputes, only four have given their awards and the time taken to do so ranged from seven to 28 years. Thus, the urgent need to amend and have a single tribunal.
Then discuss the merits and demerits of having a single tribunal to solve the disputes.
Discuss the key features of the new amendments introduced in the bill.
Conclude with appreciation of the amendments.