Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
6) The Maoist insurgency doctrine often glorifies violence as the primary means to overwhelm the existing socio-economic and political structures. Critically analyse the statement with examples.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of Maoist insurgency, its spread, causes and repercussions.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the Maoist insurgency doctrine, its philosophical basis and in what way it can be overcome.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Explain the background of the question.
Explain the dynamics Of Maoist Insurgency in India.
Discuss what are the factors responsible for the growth and spread of Maoism in India. In areas under Maoist domination, the absence of governance becomes a self- fulfilling prophecy since the delivery systems are extinguished through killings and intimidation. This is the first step in the strategy of the Maoists to seek to control the countryside. Explain how they stridently take up issues like ‘displacement of tribals’, ‘corporate exploitation’, ‘human rights violations’ by security forces etc. and often make fantastic claims in this regard which get reported even by the mainstream media etc.
Suggest what needs to be done.
Discuss few initiatives taken by the government to tackle the issue.
Conclude with way forward.