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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31  July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1) What is Article 35(A)? Why is it a controversial, even sentimental issue for the Kashmir Valley? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Article 35 A corresponding to the constitution of Jammu and Kashmir.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should focus upon explaining the nuances of Article 35 A and the controversies surrounding it.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define article 35 A.

Body:

Article 35A of the constitution provide Jammu and Kashmir Legislature a carte blanche to decide who all are ‘permanent residents’ of the State and confer on them special rights and privileges in public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare.

 It is mandatory according to the provision that no act of the legislature coming under it can be challenged for violating the Constitution or any law of the land.

Discuss the main provisions of Article 35 A.

What are the controversies surrounding it and what needs to be done to overcome the challenges?

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to the issue.


Topic: Women related issues. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Do you agree that Abolition of Triple Talaq by the parliament has corrected a historical wrong done to Muslim women and that it is a victory of gender justice and will further equality in society? Discuss. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question: 

The question is in the backdrop of the victory of the Triple talaq bill which got a nod in the upper house of the parliament.

Demand of the question:

The question expects one to analyse and weigh the pros and cons of the passage of the triple Talaq bill.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly describe what is meant by the process of Triple Talaq.

Body

Discuss a brief history of the case, rulings of the apex court and key provisions of the bill. 

About it – It defines talaq as talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq pronounced by a Muslim man resulting in instant and irrevocable divorce.  Talaq-e-biddat refers to the practice under Muslim personal laws where pronouncement of the word ‘talaq’ thrice in one sitting by a Muslim man to his wife results in an instant and irrevocable divorce.

Discuss the significance of it for Indian Muslim women and in what way the bill empowers them.

Conclusion 

Conclude that time has come to put an end to the suffering of Muslim women who have been at the receiving end of instant talaq for several years. More than 20 Islamic countries have already banned the practice.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Has the Tenth Schedule of the Indian Constitution failed to avert defections? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question intends to examine the tenth schedule and the lacunae recently witnessed.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the tenth schedule in detail and analyse the provisions.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe in brief tenth schedule.

Body:

Discuss What is anti-defection law? What are its provisions and in what way the law has faced severe flaws in curbing the defections or addressing them successfully?

One has to quote examples of the recent controversies around it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and how can the flaws be overcome.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) What are Private equity funds? Trace the growth of PE Funds in India. List down the advantages and disadvantages of the same.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

 The news of Café Coffee Day founder V.G. Siddhartha’s disappearance has brought into focus the role of private equity (PE) investors in shaping the startup culture in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the concept of private equity funds and trace the growth of PE funds and the advantages and disadvantages.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what are PE funds.

Body:

Equity capital that is not quoted on a public exchange is Private Equity. Private equity funds are investment companies that, as a rule, do not hold publicly-traded securities but seek the equity stakes in private companies.

Then discuss the Growth of PE Funds in India.

PE investors have been enticed by India’s growing status as an economic powerhouse, its strong entrepreneurial spirit.

Discuss their advantages and disadvantages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward, suggest upon the importance of PE funds and need for their regulatory mechanism.


Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

5) North-East suffers from violent movements based upon ethnic identities leading to clashes. Discuss the role played by Non-state actors in leading to the current conditions of the region.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the insurgency situations often witnessed by the North east region owing to the role played by non-state actors.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the insurgency in north east prevalent due to non-state actors.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief upon the situation in north east states.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain the existing situation, trace the historical factors responsible for the uprising of insurgency, rise of non-state actors, role played by them. 

Then explain what should be the role of the government in overcoming the challenges, discuss policies and schemes in place to address the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6) In what way external state and non-state actors create problems to India’s internal security? Discuss.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is direct from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the role of way external state and non-state actors and in what way they pose threat to the internal security of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define who are external state and non- state actors.

Body:

Explain that India has been facing challenges on the front of internal security since independence from various state and non-state actors. Politico-social and economic sphere of sovereign state has been controlled by the popular elected government. But peace and security can be disturbed by some external and non-state actor, through various means and ways.

Discuss who are state and non-state actors, what are the various challenges posed by them for the Indian internal security.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating what needs to be done to overcome the challenges.


Topic:  Basics of cyber security, Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

7) Is India on the right path to harness data as a “public good” in the service of the people? Discuss in the backdrop of the debate of ongoing data secrecy vs digital India.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse if the country is on the right path of dealing with privacy when it comes to handling data.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the issues involved in handling data and in what way the government should handle the concerns.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is data privacy.

Body:

Take hints from the article and discuss in depth the relevance of data in today’s world and in what way different countries across the world are dealing with the issues associated with data security.

Justify as to how India stands at the cusp of a major opportunity, one where data and digital platforms can become an enabler of a meaningful life for every Indian. This is also the opportunity for India to become a global leader and present a new approach that other countries can emulate.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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