Topic: population and associated issues.
1) Discuss the different fertility transitions witnessing rural and urban India also discuss the contrast in the trends in North vs South India.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses in detail the newer trends in the fertility transition across the country.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss in detail the Spatial Patterns of Fertility Transition in India in terms of rural-urban and north-south contrast.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief set the background of the question by taking cues from the article.
The answer must capture the following aspects in detail –
First discuss the reasons for vastly different fertility transitions going on in rural and urban India, and the north and south of the country.
Quote data from new Sample Registration Survey (2017) data for India.
Explain how over the last decade, fertility has fallen sharply in both rural and urban India.
Discuss the parameters that have changed, reasons for their change etc.
Then appreciate the pressing need to think over these changing trends to harness the true potential of the demography along with effective management of the population.
Conclude with way forward.