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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29  July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation, agriculture.

1) Agriculture is one of the main contributors of groundwater crisis in India, critically analyse the causes and in what way India’s reliance on water for farming is partly self-inflicted? Suggest solutions.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article explains in what way Erratic monsoon rains and skewed farm incentives have led to the growing groundwater crisis, impacting farm incomes and availability of drinking water.

Key demand of the question:

Explain and analyse the main contributions for the ongoing ground water crisis and agriculture as a major contributor to it.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote facts from the article to bring out the current crisis.

Body:

The answer must first explain the reasons contributing to the ground water crisis and major emphasis should be upon how agriculture has become a major contributor to the crisis. Explain that growing demand for water is almost entirely driven by farmers. Nowhere in the world does agriculture consume as much water as in South Asia. This reliance on water has made the region one of the most water-scarce places in the world. In India itself, more than 80% of water demand is used for farming, and agricultural water consumption is expected to stay at these levels even in 2050.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to the above challenges, suggest policy reforms and their urgent need.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) In recent years, suicide cases have received alarming attention, for they account for the majority of India’s health burden. Critically analyse the high suicide death rate in the country and how India is responding to this challenge?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question: 

The article discusses in detail the recent rising incidences of suicide cases across the world thus necessitating us to analyse the challenge India is facing on this front.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the problem of suicide and other mental ailments in India, the reason why Indian society is prone to it and assesses how we have responded to the challenge. 

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Quote facts from the article to set the background of the question.

Body

Bring out the fact that suicide and mental ailments form a chunk of India’s disease burden, from data on suicide death rates, gather insights into the high suicide death rates in the country. Explain the reasons why suicide death rate is so high for India. Bring out the steps taken to deal with this challenge and discuss the way forward.

Conclusion 

Conclude with both long-term and short-term solutions for the issue.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology

3) Medical Devices Industry (MDI) plays a critical role in the healthcare ecosystem and is indispensable to achieve the goal of health for all citizens of the country. Discuss.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The Medical Devices Industry (MDI) plays a critical role in the healthcare ecosystem and is indispensable to achieve the goal of health for all citizens of the country. The manufacturing and trade in MDI is growing steadily which includes a wide range of products. Although the industry has been growing in double digits but is predominantly import-driven with imports accounting for over 65% of the domestic market.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the significance of Medical Devices Industry (MDI) in the health sector of the country. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Provide for an overview of medical device industry. 

Body:

Brief upon few relevant facts – medical devices industry in India consists of large multinationals, with extensive service networks, as well as small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The current market size of the medical devices industry in India is estimated to be $ 5.2 bn.

Discuss how it is a sunrise sector, bring out its possible potential that is yet to be realized, what are the various govt. initiatives that are required to be taken.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Linkages between development and spread of extremism

4) What is meant by radicalisation? What are its types and how does India deal with radicalisation? Discuss.(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the concept of radicalization.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of radicalization, its types and in what way India deals with deradicalization.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define radicalization.

Body:

Explain the context of question with the help of recent incidences, explain what are the different types of radicalization – Right-Wing Extremism, Politico-Religious Extremism, Left-Wing Extremism etc.

Then discuss India’s efforts in this direction to deradicalize.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the problem of radicalization has seen an uptrend and in absence of any clear policy will continue to spread. It is important therefore to conduct meaningful research to aid the development of a framework that not only deals with de-radicalization but also rehabilitate the misguided youth of the nation.


Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism

5) Do you agree that underdevelopment often creates the conditions for insurgency and spread of extremist ideologies among the people, who perceive that their needs are not being taken care of by the government? Discuss in detail the linkage between development and spread of extremism.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the static portions of the GS -III paper, it aims to analyse the linkage between development and spread of extremism.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse in detail the linkage between development and spread of extremism.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction on extremism.

Body:

Explain how it is true that underdevelopment often creates the conditions for insurgency and spread of extremist ideologies among the people, who perceive that their needs are not being taken care of by the government. While it has been the policy of governments around the world today to emphasize on “inclusive development”, there are always groups in every state who feel alienated because they perceive that they are left out of the developmental efforts. Such perceptions coupled with inefficient and corrupt governance create an ideal condition for extremism and militancy. More than lack of development, it is the perception of injustice, misgovernance and inability of the system to engage the disaffected lot that lead people to violence and extremism.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

6) Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space and Technology. How far has the application of this technology helped India in its socio-economic development? Explain.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

 India successfully launched its second moon mission Chandrayaan-2 recently from its most powerful rocket with a plan to land the rover on the unexplored lunar south pole.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail India’s achievements in the field of Space and Technology and in what way it has impacted the socio-economic development of the country.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

write a few introductory lines about the recent achievements made by the Indian space agencies.

Body:

Discuss in detail how ISRO has achieved numerous milestones lately and has proved to harness space technology for national development. Relate how these achievements have direct link on the socio-economic development of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the same.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) It is often said that” individuals have morality while groups have ethics”. Do you agree? Explain with examples.? (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the concepts of morality and ethics and in what way they can be distinguished from one another.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concepts of morality and ethics applied to individuals and groups.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what is morality, what is ethics.

Body:

Morality and Ethics both concern themselves with what is right and what is wrong. Morality is set of principles that an individual considers being right. Whereas ethics is set of principles that a homogeneous group of people considers as right. Although both have a separate existence, they work in tandem with each other.

Morality is person specific. Although it is derived from the value system outside, the individual believes that the particular action is desirable from her, irrespective of another person’s view. It depends upon her understanding of things. Ethics on the other hands is set of moral values established in the given group of people as given point of time. Ethics often takes the form of traditions, laws. It is what society as a whole considers moral.

Quote relevant examples to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance of such concepts in ethical conduct of one’s life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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