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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27  July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Disaster and disaster management

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 1) In a climate of uncertainty and open hostility between nations, the Geneva Conventions play an important role in tempering the aggression of war with a touch of compassion. Discuss.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question: 

The article discusses the significance of Geneva convention in providing for compassion to the individual soldiers who deserve better treatment at the hands of opposition powers.

Demand of the question:

The article must provide for significance of Geneva convention.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In general, discuss the relevance of the convention.

Body

The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate, students must take hints from the article and discuss how Geneva convention is a step in the right direction that ensures compassion to the prisoners of war, to individual soldiers.

Conclusion 

Conclude by reasserting importance.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 2) Provide for an analysis of recently released Global Innovation Index, Discuss the need for innovation and government efforts to promote the same. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Global Innovation Index 2019 has been released recently.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to analyse the recently released Global innovation index and the performance made by our country and the efforts of the government in this direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief about GII.

Body:

Start with brief on findings of the report.

Discuss the salient features of the report – GII rankings are based on 80 indicators, from traditional measurements like research and development investments and international patent and trademark applications.

Theme for the year 2019 is – Creating Healthy Lives – The Future of Medical Innovation, which aims to explore the role of medical innovation as it shapes the future of healthcare.

It is published by a specialized agency of the United Nations – the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in association with Cornell University and graduate business school INSEAD.

Then list upon the performance of India and the key findings of the government initiatives in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) Practice of Information, technology and communication in agriculture can achieve the triad of empowerment, enablement and expansion. comment.(250 words)

Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

 From the perspective of socio-economic and sustainability of the agricultural system, Information can be a valuable tool, in a sense that it’s immaterial, so if we harness the information technology, we can produce more food with less input.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the significance of ICT in agriculture.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Body:

The relevance of ICT for Agricultural Development in general and for Agricultural empowerment and enablement in particular is extremely high for a country like India. E-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture.  

Conclusion:

Technological empowerment is essential for evergreen revolution and E-agriculture has the potential to put India on the higher pedestal of ’Second Green Revolution’ by making Indian agricultural sector self-sufficient. However, digital agricultural interventions need to be pro-poor i.e. technology should be economical and affordable in adoption and implementation.


Topic:  Disaster and disaster management.

4) In a large and diverse country like India, authorities are regularly confronted with large-scale protests, riots; incidents of mass civil disorder and crowd disasters. While keeping in focus the NDMA guidelines on Crowd Disaster Management, discuss the various issues faced by government.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the disaster management in crowds and various issues faced by the government in dealing with the same.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse what is crowd disaster management and provide for relevant discussions.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is crowd disaster management. 

Body:

The discussion must cover the following aspects:

What are the different types of disasters associated with crowd ranging from stampede, fire incidences, floods etc.

Discuss the causes and consequences, suggest the framework provided by NDMA for crowd disaster management.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for following best practices and rules and regulations in place.


Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5) Evaluate the relationship between Disaster and Development. To what extent this relationship is significant to policy makers? Discuss.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question seeks to evaluate the relationship between development and disasters.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the relationship between development and disasters and its significance to policy makers.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief that Development schemes can both increase and decrease vulnerability. In the traditional approach to disasters, the attitude was that the disasters, especially natural ones, were an act of god and as such were beyond human control; accepting death and damage to property was part of the costs.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

What is the relationship between disaster and development?

How is development linked with disaster?

What is development disaster management?

What is disaster development nexus?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Morality

6) Ancient texts and scriptures tell us a lot about administration, bring out few findings where reference to morality in these texts have been evidently made. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is direct and aims to analyse the possible references to morality that have been made in the ancient scriptures about administration.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the relevance of ancient texts and scriptures and the lessons of morality that they carry with them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly define what is morality.

Body:

Explain that references for administration can be found in Atharva Veda, epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, Silapaddikaran, Arthashastra and Manusmriti. The most details account, however, is from Arthashastra.

Then delve into the morality aspects and administration aspects that these ancient scriptures tell us . quote relevant examples wherever possible.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance.


Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) In your opinion do you think a civil servant should be concerned with his public image? Critically Analyse(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question seeks to examine the factor of preserving public image for a civil servant.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way public image of a civil servant is important for one to profess his responsibilities in the right manner.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is meant by public image.

Body:

The answer should discuss why public image is important, what are the concerns involved. Explain in what way Making a public image can help the civil servants dispel the negative apprehensions the people have towards them. List down the possible significant factors.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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