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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25  July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Disaster and disaster management


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

1) Discuss the rural healthcare situation currently being witnessed in India. How have better healthcare services affecting rural lives? Examine. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article throws light upon the conditions of healthcare sector specifically in the rural regions of the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the current rural healthcare situation and in what way they have progressed and have affected the rural lives positively.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In a few lines bring out some facts/figures suggesting the progress made so far.

Body:

The answer should trace the impact the government’s initiatives in this regard are having in villages.

Explain the rural healthcare situation on ground.

How are better healthcare services affecting rural lives? Explain this aspect in detail, take hints from the article and detail upon the positives.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and commend the government initiatives that are a step in the right direction.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

2) Nearly 90% of all pending cases in the country come from India’s lower courts (district and subordinate courts), which are the first port-of-call for most legal disputes. Discuss the causes and consequences of such a situation and suggest solutions.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question: 

The article brings out the sorrow state of affairs the Judiciary in India is facing with respect to pendency of cases.

Demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the underlying causes of such pendency facing the judiciary along with suggestions as to what needs to be done to overcome the same.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Quote facts/figures to justify the question statement.

Body

  • There are more than 3 crore cases pending in different courts of India. Many of these cases are pending for more than 10 years – Around 2.7 crore cases pending in District and Sub-ordinate Courts.
  • Then discuss Why too many cases are pending in Indian courts? Discuss the causes that have led to rise in the number of cases registered.
  • What are the consequences of pendency? The common man’s faith in the justice system is at an all-time low. Denies the poor man and under trial prisoners their due of justice. Economic reforms remain only on paper without speedier justice system. Foreign investors are increasingly doubtful about the timely delivery of justice, which affects the success of programs like ‘Make in India’. Judiciary is unable to handle the “avalanche” of litigation. Judiciary becomes overworked and lose its efficiency. Justice delayed is justice denied and Justice hurried is justice buried.

Conclusion 

Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest solutions.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation, Media

3) “National Policy on Biofuels 2018 is essentially a resolution but not a solution in itself”. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The National Policy on Biofuels-2018 approved by the Government envisages an indicative target of 20% blending of ethanol in petrol and 5% blending of bio-diesel in diesel by 2030.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse National Policy on Biofuels 2018 and critically discuss in what way it is not an end in itself.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe in brief the national biofuel policy 2018. 

Body:

The answer must discuss the following aspects – 

First discuss the salient features of national biofuel policy 2018.

Then discuss other than the policy what are the on ground requirements to propel the use of biofuels in India, discussion should debate about  the availability of resources, technology etc. and justify that one policy alone would not change the energy scenario but a framework regulating the energy sector in a multi-pronged approach is the need of the hour.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Disaster and disaster management.

4) Discuss the concept of community-based Disaster Management and highlight its principles and challenges.(250 words)

National policy on disaster management. IGNOU Notes on Disaster Management.

Why this question:

The question is directed to evaluate the significance of community-based Disaster Management.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the community-based Disaster Management- its features, importance and challenges.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on what you understand by community-based Disaster Management.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Community-based disaster management (CBDM) is an approach to building the capacity of communities to assess their vulnerability to both human induced and natural hazards and develop strategies and resources necessary to prevent and/or mitigate the impact of identified hazards as well as respond, rehabilitate, and reconstruct following its onset.

Explain the principles of CBDM.

CBDM empowers communities to be pro-active in disaster management and creates a space for them to develop strategies on their own terms rather than waiting for already overstretched governments and NGO’s.

Bring out associated challenges if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Disaster and disaster management.

5) Highlight development perspective to disaster management with focus on disaster management in riverine regions.(250 words)

National policy on disaster management. IGNOU Notes on Disaster Management.

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the development angle possible in riverine regions that are hit by disasters.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the development aspects associated with disaster hit region and in what way they are essential in overall development of the region.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the significance of development in disaster hit regions.

Body:

Explain that with the kind of economic losses and developmental setbacks that the country has been suffering year after year, it makes good economic sense to spend a little extra today in a planned way on steps and components that can help in prevention and mitigation of disasters, then be forced

to spend many multiples more later on resto-ration and rehabilitation. The design of development projects and the process of development should

take the aspect of disaster reduction and mitigation within its ambit; otherwise, the development ceases to be sustainable and eventually causes more hardship and loss to the nation.

Quote a case study from recent times – Assam floods etc. to justify your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.


Topic Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Designing a sustainable and inclusive transport systems in urban India is the need of the hour. Elucidate. (250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question:

 The article talks about Carpooling as an idea that needs regulatory intervention in India. Forcing us to think over the need to design a sustainable and inclusive transport systems in urban India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for detailed analysis of inclusive and sustainable urban transport system in India.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the context of the question briefly.

Body:

The answer must capture the following aspects – 

First highlight the benefits of having such a system; Densification reduces mobility needs and enhances public transport. Large cities use public transport more, but lack non-motorized transport. The amount of transport increases with city size (by population). The household income is the single largest determinant of the amount of transport. Indian cities need investments in public and non-motorized transport infrastructures and disincentives of private modes.

Then discuss need for inclusive and sustainable urban transport, what needs to be done to achieve the same.

Suggest solutions ranging from carpooling, mass rapid transport system etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) What is persuasion? What role does it play in public life? Discuss.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of persuasion.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the virtue of persuasion and the role it plays in public life.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is persuasion.

Body:

Persuasion is an umbrella term of influence. Persuasion can attempt to influence a person’s beliefs, attitudes, intentions, motivations, or behaviors.

Explain the various associated theories of persuasion. Explain how these can be applied to different situations differently.

Explain using a case study/example how persuasion can be put to use in public life, what importance does it hold.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its significance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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