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6) Designing a sustainable and inclusive transport systems in urban India is the need of the hour. Elucidate. (250 words)

Topic Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Designing a sustainable and inclusive transport systems in urban India is the need of the hour. Elucidate. (250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question:

 The article talks about Carpooling as an idea that needs regulatory intervention in India. Forcing us to think over the need to design a sustainable and inclusive transport systems in urban India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for detailed analysis of inclusive and sustainable urban transport system in India.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the context of the question briefly.

Body:

The answer must capture the following aspects – 

First highlight the benefits of having such a system; Densification reduces mobility needs and enhances public transport. Large cities use public transport more, but lack non-motorized transport. The amount of transport increases with city size (by population). The household income is the single largest determinant of the amount of transport. Indian cities need investments in public and non-motorized transport infrastructures and disincentives of private modes.

Then discuss need for inclusive and sustainable urban transport, what needs to be done to achieve the same.

Suggest solutions ranging from carpooling, mass rapid transport system etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.