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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact
assessment.


 

General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1) What are parliamentary standing committees? Why are they necessary? Discuss their roles and functions to bring out their significance. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Eleven of the 22 Bills introduced in the ongoing session of Parliament have been passed, which makes it a highly productive session after many years. But these Bills have been passed without scrutiny by parliamentary standing committees, their purpose being to enable detailed consideration of a piece of legislation.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss importance of parliamentary standing committees, their key functions, roles and responsibilities and justify their significance.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what are parliamentary committees.

Body:

Discuss in detail the following points: 

What are Parliamentary standing committees? Their purposes?

Explain why is it in news – After the formation of the 17th Lok Sabha, parliamentary standing committees have not been constituted as consultations among parties are still under way. Partly as a result of this, the Bills were passed without committee scrutiny. They were discussed in Parliament over durations ranging between two and five hours.

Discuss the role and significance of parliamentary standing committees.

Conclusion:

Conclude with their importance.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) The recent amendments to the RTI Act passed in the Lok Sabha have drawn criticism from the Opposition and a large section of the civil society. In such a scenario critically analyse the amendments made to the act and their effects thereon.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The bill introduces changes in the terms and conditions of appointment of the chief information commissioner (CIC) at the Centre and the information commissioners in states. The RTI amendment bill has three provisions that have been challenged by the Opposition members in Parliament and by activists working in the field.

Demand of the question:

The answer must provide for detailed critical analysis of the recent amendments made to the act and in what way the associated concerns can be resolved.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In brief explain the basic things that the RTI Act of 2005 does.

Body

Explain precisely the specific amendments made – In the 2019 RTI amendment bill, the government has done away with the fixed tenure of five years for the chief information commissioners and the information commissioners. Their salaries too have been altered. Both will now be separately notified by the government of the day.

This, in a political sense, means that the government can threaten or lure the chief information commissioner and information commissioners with arbitrary removal or extension and curtailment or increase in salary depending upon their suitability for the ruling dispensation.

Suggest what needs to be done to overcome these concerns.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation, Media

3) What is Paid news? Discuss the reasons for rise in paid news in India and also suggest solutions to the menace of paid news.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 Recently Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar informed Rajya Sabha about the steps being taken by the Government to curb the menace of Paid News.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the context and reasons for rise in paid news and one must suggest solutions to curb the problems of this paid news.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is paid news.

Body:

Paid news is defined as any news or analysis appearing in print or electronic media for consideration in cash or kind. Manifestations of paid news are: 

Advertisements camouflaged as news, Denial of coverage to select electoral candidates, exchanging of advertisement space for equity stakes between media houses and corporate.

Explain the recent trends witnessed in terms of paid news in India.

What are the various counter measures to overcome the challenge of paid news?

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4) Discuss the Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment in India also trace the recent developments in this direction while commenting on the current framework of the same. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about analyzing the EIA process and its objectives.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the objectives of EIA and trace the recent developments in this direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is EIA.

Body:

Explain the Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Identifying, predicting and evaluating economic, environmental and social impacts of development activities.
  • Providing information on the environmental consequences for decision making.
  • Promoting environmentally sound and suitable development by identifying appropriate alternatives and mitigation measures.

Discuss the importance and relevance.

Explain the framework existing in India, progress made on different fronts etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5) Biofuels hold huge potential for India’s future and current energy needs, critically analyse whether the national policy on biofuels is the step in the right direction to help India unlock its biofuel potential? (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The Government has allowed the direct sale of biodiesel (B100) for blending with high speed diesel to all consumers, in accordance with the specified blending limits and the standards specified by the Bureau of Indian Standards, with effect from 29th June, 2017.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the salient features of NBP-2018 and discuss the potential biofuels hold for India.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on what are biofuels.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

The National Policy on Biofuels-2018 approved by the Government envisages an indicative target of 20% blending of ethanol in petrol and 5% blending of bio-diesel in diesel by 2030.

Discuss the National Policy on biofuels; its salient features.

Discuss the prospects of Biofuels across the country, its potential based on facts and figures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6) ‘The civil servant who is not feared is not respected and so are his decisions’. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the work culture that a civil servant is expected to profess.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in what way the working of the civil servant and work culture of the organization depend more on the nature of the employees. If in the organization, work is inherently distasteful

to most people, and they attempt to avoid work whenever possible, then administrator needs to be more authoritarian and actively intervene to get things done.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief the context of the question first.

Body:

In governance and administration, role of fear and respect both are important. If an administrator is weak, malleable, palpable, permissive and compromising on all issues, he/ she loses the element of fear among those who do not comply with laws and directives. But use of force to generate a reasonable amount of fear should be used scrupulously and with a human approach marked by a sense of proportionality with respect of the gravity of no conformation or compliance. The primitive societies, the nascent democracies or failing states which have weak institutions and which lack people’s trust; it becomes inevitable to use brute power for compliance of law and order.

However, the statement that the civil servant who is not feared is not respected and so are his decisions, denotes a coercive approach of governance. This does not work well in the medium and long term and there are boomerang effects, protests, and resistance and finally, it may lead to distrust, disorder, and anarchy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting need for a balanced approach.


Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

7) What do you mean by integrity? Why integrity is called the supreme quality of leadership? What is the relation between honesty, integrity, and probity in administration? Discuss.  (250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of integrity and how it is a supreme quality of leadership.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail what you understand by integrity, bring out its importance and then provide detailed correlation between honesty, integrity and aptitude.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define integrity – Integrity is a term used to describe a person’s level of honesty, moral commitments, and willingness to do what’s right.

Body:

Discuss why is integrity important?

Integrity is an essential quality of successful leadership because:

 Integrity as wholeness, i.e., integrity consists of a manager’s personal values, daily actions, and basic organizational aims.

Integrity as consistency between words and actions, i.e., a demonstrated consistency with regards to social behaviour. Etc.

Then move onto discuss relation between Honesty, Integrity and Probity in Administration.

Provide for case studies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by re stating the importance of integrity in all spheres of life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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