Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5) Biofuels hold huge potential for India’s future and current energy needs, critically analyse whether the national policy on biofuels is the step in the right direction to help India unlock its biofuel potential? (250 words)
Why this question:
The Government has allowed the direct sale of biodiesel (B100) for blending with high speed diesel to all consumers, in accordance with the specified blending limits and the standards specified by the Bureau of Indian Standards, with effect from 29th June, 2017.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the salient features of NBP-2018 and discuss the potential biofuels hold for India.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief on what are biofuels.
Discussion should include the following:
The National Policy on Biofuels-2018 approved by the Government envisages an indicative target of 20% blending of ethanol in petrol and 5% blending of bio-diesel in diesel by 2030.
Discuss the National Policy on biofuels; its salient features.
Discuss the prospects of Biofuels across the country, its potential based on facts and figures.
Conclude with way forward.