Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
1) What are parliamentary standing committees? Why are they necessary? Discuss their roles and functions to bring out their significance. (250 words)
Why this question:
Eleven of the 22 Bills introduced in the ongoing session of Parliament have been passed, which makes it a highly productive session after many years. But these Bills have been passed without scrutiny by parliamentary standing committees, their purpose being to enable detailed consideration of a piece of legislation.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss importance of parliamentary standing committees, their key functions, roles and responsibilities and justify their significance.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Define what are parliamentary committees.
Discuss in detail the following points:
What are Parliamentary standing committees? Their purposes?
Explain why is it in news – After the formation of the 17th Lok Sabha, parliamentary standing committees have not been constituted as consultations among parties are still under way. Partly as a result of this, the Bills were passed without committee scrutiny. They were discussed in Parliament over durations ranging between two and five hours.
Discuss the role and significance of parliamentary standing committees.
Conclude with their importance.