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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact
assessment.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1) What is a whip? Discuss the roles and functions that a chief whip would play when a government faces no-confidence motion in the lower house? (250 words)

Timesnownews

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the recent doubts raised on the authority of the office of whip in the ongoing Karnataka political crisis.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the key features of the office of whip, the roles and functions performed by them.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define that Whip is an official appointed to maintain discipline among, secure attendance of, and give necessary information to, members of his party.

Body:

Explain that In India, the party whip directs the party members to stick to the party’s stand on certain issues and directs them to vote as per the direction of senior party members. Whip cannot be used in all cases.

Then discuss the chief functions of the whip.

Explain the types of whip and implications of whip in Indian polity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of whip.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) “The essence of the Juvenile Justice Act of 2000 is to ensure that the trial in the regular court is offence-oriented and in the juvenile court it is offender-oriented.” How far do you think the Juvenile Justice Act of 2000 has been successful in the above aspect? Discuss.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The article discusses in detail the nuances of Juvenile Justice Act of 2000, the amendments to which have given scope to try a juvenile as an adult too in specific cases.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail and provide for an analysis as to how far the act successfully achieves juvenile’s justice.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Define what you understand by a juvenile, the definition given by the Juvenile Justice Act of 2000.

Body

First explain the basic features of the act.

Then move on to explain the circumstances when a juvenile is tried as an adult, when not. The Juvenile Justice Act of 2000 was amended in 2015 with a provision allowing for Children in Conflict with Law (CCL) to be tried as adults under certain circumstances.

The amended Act distinguishes children in the age group 16-18 as a category which can be tried as adults if they are alleged to have committed a heinous offence — one that attracts a minimum punishment of seven years. The Act does not, however, make it mandatory for all children in this age group to be tried as adults. With above points form a fair and balanced opinion.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward and significance of such landmark acts.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Awareness in the fields of IT, Space

3) Do you agree that the country must deregulate the space sector to encourage private enterprise so as to compete in the new space economy? Analyse.(250 words) 

Livemint

Why this question:

The article throws light upon space as an emerging economy and the rising strides of competition.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must focus on importance of deregulating the space sector and allowing the private sector to play key role in contributing to the space economy.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the background of the question.

Body:

Explain how private sector carries with it huge potential to propel the space economy, How has the role of the private sector evolved over the years? Quote the example of SpaceX and with these changing trends how have the regulatory framework shaping up etc.

Take cues from the article and form a structured answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of the space economy and role of deregulation of the sector.


Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4) Discuss the key features of Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) also bring out the key findings’ of 2019 edition. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of CCPI and the key findings of 2019 edition.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the relevance of the report, features and its major highlights.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an instrument covering 58 countries and supposed to enhance transparency in international climate politics.

Body:

The 2019 edition of the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI)has been released which illustrates regional differences in climate protection and performance within the 56 evaluated countries and the EU.

No country performed well enough to reach the ranking ‘very good’ in this year’s index.

Explain that Its aim is to encourage political and social pressure on those countries which have, up to now, failed to take ambitious actions on climate protection as well as to highlight countries with best-practice climate policies.

Discuss the highlights and bring out the performance reported for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the findings.


Topic Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5) Analyse the reasons behind India’s problem of e-waste and provide an account for the ineffectiveness of the rules.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article provides a closer look at the menace of e-waste that India is facing.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must look into the reasons leading to the problems of e-waste with special emphasis on the ineffectiveness of rules and regulations dealing with it.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief what you understand by e-wastes, how are they generated etc.

Body:

Introduce briefly e-waste problem through relevant facts.

Enumerate causes of e-waste.

Describe the reasons for the failures of e-waste guidelines to control the problem.

Explain that when E-waste are dismantled and disposed unscientifically, they release extremely harmful gases or large particulates into environment causing hazardous air pollution causing severe health hazards.

Thus, there is need to implement the E-waste management rules 2016 effectively and deal with the problem of e-waste more holistically with proper monitoring mechanisms in place.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way ahead, suggest solutions at policy level, technology level etc.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Morality

6) What is international morality? Discuss its relevance in international politics. (250 words)

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of international morality.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of international morality in detail and its relevance in international politics.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with definition of international morality.

Body:

International Morality consists of moral principles which are endorsed by a number of nations. The rules of customary International Law reflect International Morality. One of the major sources and sanctions of International Law has been International Morality. 

Explain that the behaviour of states is regulated by International Law and International Morality, the former as the legal code and the latter as the moral code. Both these codes constitute important and valuable limitations on the national power of each state and, as such, perform the essential function of maintaining order in international relations.

Discuss its relevance in international politics.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) A nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. The only value in possessing nuclear weapons is to make sure they will never be used. But then would it not be better to do away with them entirely? Critically analyse the statement from ethical perspective.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the war ethics and principles and is about nuclear deterrence.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the ethical perspectives involved in the question statement and in what way doing away with nuclear weapon is the ultimate end and road to peace of the world.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the essence of the question statement.

Body:

The statement was given by Ronald Reagan. He saw that nuclear deterrence was flawed in its very essence and that this error had led to a whole edifice of reasoning about deterrence that also was flawed.

Nuclear weapons were, and are, the gravest threat to humanity’s survival. Their effect in preventing wars has been overrated and reports of the damage they cause tend to be brushed aside. 

New studies show the major impact of their use on the climate and agriculture beyond all the other effects that we knew about previously.

Thus, conclude that nothing can make such wars ethical or moral.

Conclusion:

Conclude that “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.” The statement holds true even today and as well in future.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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