Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
7) A nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. The only value in possessing nuclear weapons is to make sure they will never be used. But then would it not be better to do away with them entirely? Critically analyse the statement from ethical perspective.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on the war ethics and principles and is about nuclear deterrence.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the ethical perspectives involved in the question statement and in what way doing away with nuclear weapon is the ultimate end and road to peace of the world.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss the essence of the question statement.
The statement was given by Ronald Reagan. He saw that nuclear deterrence was flawed in its very essence and that this error had led to a whole edifice of reasoning about deterrence that also was flawed.
Nuclear weapons were, and are, the gravest threat to humanity’s survival. Their effect in preventing wars has been overrated and reports of the damage they cause tend to be brushed aside.
New studies show the major impact of their use on the climate and agriculture beyond all the other effects that we knew about previously.
Thus, conclude that nothing can make such wars ethical or moral.
Conclude that “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.” The statement holds true even today and as well in future.