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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

 1) The office of the Speaker in India is a living and dynamic institution which deals with the actual needs and problems of Parliament in the performance of its functions. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 The question is based on the topic of office of speaker and the significance of the same.

Key demand of the question:

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the constitutional features pertaining to office of speaker.

Body:

The answer must explain the office of the Speaker occupies a pivotal position in our parliamentary democracy. It has been said of the office of the Speaker that while the members of Parliament represent the individual constituencies, the Speaker represents the full authority of the House itself. She symbolizes the dignity and power of the House over which she is presiding. Therefore, it is expected that the holder of this office of high dignity has to be one who can represent the House in all its manifestations.

Quote the recent happenings across the states signifying the importance. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with why this office still remains one of the most crucial ones in the life of every upper house.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

2) Discuss the mandate of National Investigation Agency (NIA), What are the impediments in its operative functioning? How can these concerns be addressed? Elucidate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Lok Sabha recently passed the NIA Act Amendment Bill, which gives more powers to the National Investigation Agency and extends its jurisdiction beyond India’s borders. The Bill was hotly debated, with the Opposition accusing the government of misusing the agency for political vendetta and turning India into a police state.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the key mandate of NIA, impediments in its operative functioning and in what way these impediments can be overcome. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the background of the question, why was NIA in news etc.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

Explain the proposed amendment to the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act-2008 that were passed – aims to provide the probe agency with powers to investigate scheduled offences such as human trafficking; circulation of fake currency; manufacture and sale of prohibited arms; and cyber-terrorism. It also allows for the creation of special courts for adjudicating such crimes.

The bill also seeks to allow the NIA jurisdiction over scheduled offences committed outside India, subject to international treaties and the domestic laws of other countries. A special court in New Delhi will preside over such cases etc.

Then discuss what are the issues involved and how they need to be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward, signifying its importance.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

3) “Our communities present us with a lot of untapped potential, unleashing it is the key to gaining the momentum we need to make faster progress towards reaching the target of an AIDS free India”. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question: 

The article talks about the significance of communities in achieving the goal of AIDS free India.

Demand of the question:

One has to explain that success is being achieved where policies and programmes focus on people, not diseases, and where communities are fully engaged from the outset in designing, shaping and implementing health policies. This is how real and lasting change is achieved and this is what will reduce the devastating impact of AIDS.

Directive word: 

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In brief discuss the scenario of prevalence of AIDS in India.

Body

The answer must emphasize on the role that community participation plays in addressing issues like that of AIDS and in what way All over the world, communities are demonstrating time and again that they can, and do, deliver results. Since the beginning of the epidemic in India until now, communities have been the most trusted and reliable partners for the National AIDS Control Organization and the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS. They are fully engaged in many aspects of the National AIDS Response, including prevention, care, support and treatment programmes. There are over 1,500 community-based organizations reaching out to key populations. In India, there are around 300 district-level networks of people living with HIV which are supporting treatment programmes through psychosocial support, treatment literacy and adherence counselling.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4) Examine the developments of Waterways in India through Joint Ventures under private participation. What are the challenges faced by the authorities in this regard? Discuss.(250 words) 

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is direct and intends to evaluate the conditions of waterway transport and its contribution to the economy and transport sector of the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the nuances of developments of Waterways in India, associated challenges, prospects and way ahead.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief list down facts related to waterways in India, its prospects. India with a extensive network of rivers, canals, lakes has approximately 14500 km of navigable waterways.

Body:

Explain the following aspects – 

First list down the prospects of waterways in India.

Discuss the possible challenges the sector can face – geographical, political, investments etc.

Explain the significance of public-private partnership in realizing the true potential of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way ahead.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5) National urban transport policy highlights on moving people instead of moving vehicles. Discuss critically the success of various policies of the government in this regard. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question intends to evaluate the policies of the government with respect to urban transport and in what way such policies have been successful in achieving the mandate of moving people and not just vehicles.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the vision of the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) and in what way its ambitions are in the right direction. Discuss various government policies in this direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction of the National Urban Transport Policy .

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

The policy is to be critically analyzed vis-a-vis its achievement, challenges and various plans of the government.

Provide for a detailed perspective of public transport, explain that the need of the hour is to emphasize more on the movement of public transport and its facilitation; whereas, the government makes attempt for smoothening the roads and facilitation of vehicles, not necessarily the public transports.

List down government policies and programmes in this direction with recent examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) What do you understand by a low carbon transport system? Discuss the prospects India holds in transitioning to a low carbon transport system.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of low carbon transport system and significance of the same.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the prospects of having a low carbon transport system and the positive effects of it on the economy, environment and other aspects of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is low carbon transport system.

Body:

Explain the following dimensions in detail:

What is low carbon transport?

What can humans do to be sustainable in transportation?

Is public transport sustainable?

Why is sustainable transport important?

Explain how all of it rests on accessing public service, choosing rapid transit over car driving and supporting electric vehicle transition etc. 

Discuss Indian scenario and what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration

7) Discuss the Public Services Code as recommended by the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission. (250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications, CSE Mains 2016 – GS IV

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of public service code.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the essence of public service code, relevance and importance.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the significance of public service code.

Body:

One has to explain that second arc recommended public service code as such codes will help to imbibe values of honesty, objectivity, impartiality, probity etc. among public servants.

such codes will act as a deterrence to avoid misuse of official position or using public office for one’s self interest.

since public services/ public servants are considered as instruments of good governance such codes will help to ensure empathy, love, compassion for the vulnerable without discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, religion and provide betterment of public at large to foster socio economic development and ensuring egalitarian society.

Conclusion:

therefore, conclude that the recommendations of ARC should be implemented in order to ensure effective management, professional growth and leadership development.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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