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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 July 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.

1) “Despite years of reservation, the conditions of Dalits in India still remain miserable”. In the light of some recent incidence, bring out the major reasons behind miserable condition of Dalits. Give suggestions for improvement.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the recently released Article 15, which is a welcome addition to films that portray Dalit subjectivity in a nuanced manner.

Key demand of the question:

The answer needs to evaluate the conditions of Dalit and how they have remained unaddressed despite the affirmative action of State through reservation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote facts and represent conditions of Dalit in India.

Body:

The answer must evaluate the conditions of Dalits in our society and examine their conditions with respect to the provisions of reservation and in what way reservation has mostly failed to serve the real purpose of fixing the root problems.one must suggest solutions to the problem like apart from reservation mainstreaming the community, awareness, rooting out inequalities etc. need action.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: population and associated issues.

2) Discuss the role of fertility as a component of population dynamics. Highlight the characteristics and limitations of various measures of fertility in India.(250 words)

Geography by Majid Hussain

Reference

Why this question: 

The question is about discussing the significance of fertility as a component of population dynamics.

Demand of the question:

The question is about discussing the relevance of fertility as part of population dynamics and one must discuss the limitations of different measures of fertility.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Define fertility. And quote the recent trends in fertility aspects in India.

Body

The discussion is straightforward and there is not much to deliberate, Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years. For the population in a given area to remain stable, an overall total fertility rate of 2.1 is needed, assuming no immigration or emigration occurs.

Discuss the significance of it.

Explain the possible limitations.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

3) The double burden of undernutrition and obesity needs to be tackled as part of India’s national nutrition strategy. Discuss (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 The question is about discussing the issues of undernutrition and overnutrition and significance of Nation nutrition strategy to consider the two aspects on a mission mode so as to resolve the double burden. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer has to deliberate on the causes of the double burden of obesity and undernutrition.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by under and over nutrition.

Body:

Discuss first the significance of nutrition on the health of an individual and in what way it is an important component in deciding the growth and development of the country.

Then move on to explain the importance of dealing with the two alarming issues in the Nation nutrition strategy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4) Examine how ‘smart grids’ can be a solution to India’s power woes. Discuss the challenges and issues involved in its implementation.(250 words) 

livemint

Why this question:

The question is to examine the concept of smart grids.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of smart grids, the challenges and issues involved in implementing the same and in what way it can address the power woes of the country.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief the current power scenario of the country with some statistical data.

Body:

Explain that Smart grid (SG) is emerging as a new facet of power industry. It incorporates numerous advanced technologies to deal issues prevailing with conventional electric networks. Though capable to resolve many of these issues, SG is still facing challenges in deployment. These challenges are associated with adaption of emerging technologies, socio-economic issues, lack of policies and awareness.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and how the concept can be put to use effectively to deal with the power problems of the country.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5) Infrastructure is the backbone of India Economy. Discuss the measures taken by the government to boost infrastructure development in the recent Budget. (250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the role played by infrastructure development in growth and development of the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the measures taken by the government to boost infrastructure development in the recent Budget.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief write up on present state of infrastructure in India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Infrastructure sector is a key driver for the Indian economy. The sector is highly responsible for propelling India’s overall development and enjoys intense focus from Government for initiating policies that would ensure time-bound creation of world class infrastructure in the country.

Discuss the recent allocations made in the Budget and explain the significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) Untreated waste water poses a threat to both human health and the aquatic ecosystems. Explain the statement with examples.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article discusses the threats posed by untreated waste water on human health and aquatic health.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the ill effects posed by the untreated waste water, what needs to be done to address the same.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduce problem of untreated water.

Body:

Explain with few facts – The 2017 United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR) notes that more than 80% of the world’s wastewater is released into the environment untreated.

Write about impact of untreated wastewater – on health, economy, environment etc.

Discuss what should be the way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions.


General Studies – 4


Topic:case study

7) Mr. X worked in the human resources department that was interviewing applicants for a top job in a widget company. After reading many applications, one stood out way ahead of the others. Then he realized that he knew the applicant, Mr. Y. They had hung out together when they were teenagers. Mr. Y had been a wild kid and once was arrested for shoplifting and the possession of drugs. Mr. Y had completed mandatory counseling and, as far as Mr. X knew, Mr. Y had straightened out his life and had done well during the last twenty years. Mr. Y hadn’t indicated in his application that he had once been arrested and Mr. X feared that the company would never hire someone with a police record, no matter how minor or how long ago the offence was. Do you favor Mr. X revealing the information? (250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The case study is to analyse the principle of integrity and transparency with a bit of professional ethics involved in it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Evaluate the requirements and demands of the case study.

Body:

The answer to the case study can be approached in multiple ways,

Mr. X needs to tell the company and let them decide what is the best for

company’s interest. Moreover, in above case Mr. Y has already committed a crime by not disclosing all the information to company regarding his arrest or conviction so this also need to be taken into account where it is reflected that above person in future could distort the facts for his benefit.

In the second part discuss why he should reveal his past on the company records.

Explain both pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion and suggest solutions to the problems.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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