Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) To what extent it is correct to say that development of Indian music is a story of a transformation from spiritualism to emotive affairs? Discuss the factors which influenced Indian music throughout its history.(250 words)

 Art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

 The question aims to discuss the transition Music as an art has taken from spiritualism to emotional aspects.

Key demand of the question:

Trace the evolution of music as an art in the Indian society.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief the importance of music and its genesis in India.

Body:

Discussion should detail upon the genesis of music as an artform, and one must possibly trace its evolution through history, in what way it changed progressively and evolved from spiritualism to emotional affairs of individuals and public life.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of Music as an immortal artform which is in continuous transformation with passage of time.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2)  “Defection is condemnable, especially if it is to bring down one regime and form another.” Comment in the backdrop of political crisis presently facing the state of Karnataka. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the current situation of political crisis the state of Karnataka is undergoing.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the nuances of defection in detail.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief what is meant by defection.

Body:

The answer needs to discuss the following aspects – 

Discuss in detail the constitutional provisions related to defection in the Indian polity.

Explain what way the provisions are often being misused for political gains.

Use the example of the current Karnataka case and other states in the past.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions, what should be the way forward.


Topic:poverty and developmental issues, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) India has recently recorded the fastest absolute reduction in the Index value among 10 countries across every developing region. Evaluate the policy paradigm that has led to such a commendable progress.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2019 report, an initiative of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative and the United Nations Development Programme, released last week, says that India has recorded the fastest absolute reduction in the Index value among 10 countries across every developing region.

Demand of the question:

The answer must analyse policies and programs that made the change in poverty levels possible.

Directive word: 

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Highlight the findings of the report in a line or two.

Body

Discuss the key findings of the report – According to this report, between 2005-06 and 2015-16, India lifted 271 million out of poverty and reduced deprivations in many of its 10 indicators, particularly in assets, cooking fuel, sanitation and nutrition. It also says that Jharkhand, among the poorest regions in the world, reduced the incidence of multi-dimensional poverty — captured in indicators such as nutrition, sanitation, child mortality, housing, cooking fuel, years of schooling and electricity — the fastest.

Explain in what way schemes or programmes designed to provide pucca housing, toilets, cooking gas, power, roads and healthcare or the public provision of private goods with a lot of positive externalities have led to the change in the poverty dynamics.

Conclusion 

Conclude with need for growth with its trickle-down effect to further reduce and eliminate poverty and to ensure economic convergence among states.


Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4) Chandrayaan 2 is yet another audacious attempt being made by ISRO in the field of space research. Examine the distinctiveness and significance of such a mission.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the distinctness and significance of Chandrayaan 2 mission.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the objectives of the mission and what factors make it significant for India.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with the fact that Chandrayaan-2 is all set for 3.84 lakh km voyage.

Body:

Chandrayaan-2, which is the first Indian moon landing mission, is all set to head on its 3.84 lakh km voyage to the moon in the early hours of Monday, July 15, 2019.

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has scheduled the launch of its lunar probe, by a GSLV MkIII rocket, from the country’s Sriharikota spaceport for 2.51 a.m.

A sequel to Chandrayaan-1, which was launched in 2008 and only orbited the moon at a distance of 100 km, Chandrayaan-2 entails the first attempt by any nation to make a landing on the moon’s mineral rich south pole. 

Explain that If ISRO achieves the feat in its first attempt, it will make India only the fourth country to soft-land on the lunar surface.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its significance. 

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5) Infrastructure expansion has witnessed noteworthy stimulus in India in the recent times. Discuss. (250 words) 

Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

India requires a huge corpus of investment in order to cope up for its infrastructure deficits. The sector has witnessed moderate growth recently and the government has also initiated various steps to boost investment in infrastructure sector. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must detail about the status of infrastructure growth in India and bring out in detail the impetus received by the sector recently.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In few lines bring out the current state of India’s infrastructure sector, in what way it drives the economy.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First highlight the present stimulus that the sector is witnessing in India, what are the various provisions in terms of laws, policies, programs that the sector is gaining prospects from.

Explain what are the present infrastructure gaps existing currently, in what way these gaps can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Do you agree that the much of the current crisis facing Indian railways is originating from the fragmented structure of the rail bureaucracy? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the issues and concerns marring the Indian railways system specifically in the domain of bureaucracy.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the various issues concerning the Indian railways system in what way the issues can be addressed.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight the current state of railway affairs in India.

Body:

Explain the following points in detail – 

Discuss first how railways have come far ahead in time.

Explain specific issues that still surround it despite dedicated policies and programs in place.

Quote the reasons due to which the issue still persists, in what way they can be resolved.

Discuss the idea of third service cadre —the Indian Railways Management Service, the idea is that the IR management service — drawing talent from the technical and logistics services etc. as solutions to the existing problems.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) What do you understand by Integral humanism? Is the concept still relevant in the present political and economic conditions of India? Discuss.(250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of integral humanism.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept and its relevance in the present economical and political conditions of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the concept in brief – Integral Humanism is a fine balance between Western Capitalism & Marxist Socialism. It avoids excesses or extremes of any of them.

Body:

Explain that as per Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya principles of Capitalism or Socialism cannot be made the principles of progress & development in India. According to him, India needs to develop an indigenous economic model that puts human at the centre stage.

According to him “Humankind had four hierarchically organized attributes of body, mind, intellect and soul which corresponded to four universal objectives, kama (desire or satisfaction), artha (wealth), dharma (moral duties) and moksha (total liberation or ‘salvation’). While none could be ignored, dharma is the ‘basic’, and moksha the ‘ultimate’ objective of humankind and society. He claimed that the main problem with both capitalist and socialist ideologies is this that they only consider the needs of body and mind, and were hence based on the materialist objectives of desire and wealth”.

Discuss the relevance of the concept in all spheres – social, economic and political.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance of the concept even as of today in political and economic aspects.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]