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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


General Studies – 1


Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

1) What do you understand by Integrated urban infrastructure? Do you think Integrated cities can provide for an answer to India’s urban planning woes? Analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question intends to examine the Integrated urban infrastructure concept applied to the Indian urban scenario.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of Integrated urban infrastructure and in what way the concept is a solution to the urban planning woes of India.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief write about Indian infrastructure sector scenario. One can quote relevant facts here.

Body:

Explain what you understand by integrated approach. Provide example of city which has adopted such an approach.

Then move on to discuss how and why india needs to adopt such an approach in planning.

Explain the high potential India bears in the development of new cities and in what way such approach in city planning will make Indian cities more sustainable.

Conclusion:

In conclusion provide for a way forward suggesting other such approaches to make Indian cities sustainable and resilient.


General Studies – 2


Topic: population and associated issues, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) In 2050, India’s population is projected to be 1.69 billion, which will be higher than that of China. Do you think with Population Control Bill, India be able to handle its overpopulation crisis? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently the Population Regulation Bill, 2019, was introduced by Rakesh Sinha in the Upper House, suggests that people with more than two living children should be “disqualified” from being chosen as an MP, MLA or a member of any body of the local self-government after the commencement of the Act.

Key demand of the question:

The answer has to analyse the desirability and feasibility of Two-child policy propounded through the Population Control Bill.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss the reason behind the Population Control Bill.

Body:

One is expected to deal with the following aspects in the answer body:

Key features of the Population Control Bill.

What are the merits and demerits associated?

What is a two-child policy?

Compare and contrast Indian population scenario with that of China and suggest if there are any learnings from China for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.


Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests,  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) “The confrontation between the U.S. and Iran in West Asia could snowball with damaging economic consequences”. Comment. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question: 

 Iran recently announced that it would begin enriching uranium above a concentration of 3.67% permitted under the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA); the steps come in the wake of increasing tensions between the U.S. and Iran following the shooting down of an unmanned U.S. drone over the Strait of Hormuz in June.

Demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in what way the increasing tensions between the two countries may lead to damaging economic consequences.

Directive word: 

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Draw a sketch of the background of the ongoing conflict between Iran and the US.

Body

The answer should discuss the following facets:

  • What is the Iran Nuclear deal about? Why did Iran agree to the deal? Why has US pulled out of the deal?
  • What are the implications of US sanctions on Iran?
  • Global Implications of the ongoing conflict in the economic domain.
  • Discuss specific impact it would have on India.

Conclusion 

Conclude with need for urgent resolution of the conflict for the global good.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4) The issue of paused infrastructure projects in India, is an indicator of market and regulatory failure. Discuss.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question:

The question is pertaining to the hurdles infrastructure in India are facing due to market failures and regulatory failures.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss what are the issues with respect to infrastructure projects in India, what are the causes of such issues and what needs to be done.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief intro on infrastructure projects and their significant contribution in the growth and development of the country.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain that India has an enormous infrastructure gap, but it can be bridged by cooperation between the public and private sectors.

Discuss the challenges infrastructure projects are facing due to market and regulatory failures like corruption, political and regulatory risk, access to financing and macroeconomic instability.

Suggest what needs to be done to overcome these bottlenecks.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5) Do you agree instituting a framework which would enable full utilization of new ideas and innovation towards achieving self-reliance in defence sector is the need of the hour? Discuss the key features of Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti (MRGS) aimed in this direction.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

 In a major boost to Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti, a MOU was signed between the Intellectual Property Facilitation Cell (IPFC), Department of Defense Production, Ministry of Defense and National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), Ministry of Science and Technology.

Key demand of the question:

The question intends to analyse the importance of instituting a framework which enables full utilization of new ideas and innovation towards achieving self-reliance in defense sector.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the significance of intellectual property rights and their importance for Defense sector.

Body:

Discussion should have the following aspects:

Key features of Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti- it was launched with the aim to inculcate IP culture in Indian defense manufacturing ecosystem.

Explain the significance of IPR in defense domain and in what way it helps in achieving self-reliance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Public investment, especially in the railways, can play an important role to revive growth and promote Make in India. Discuss.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question intends to examine the role of Railways as a transport system in reviving the growth scenario.

Key demand of the question:

The question is about discussing the role of public investments in Railways to revive growth and promote the flagship program of Make in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the role played by railways in the economic growth and development.

Body:

The answer should explain the significance of public investments in Railways, in what way such investments will boost modernization of Indian railways.

The crux of the answer should focus on significance of Railways as a transport system in aiding the economic growth of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

7) Discuss the following terms in detail:

(a)Grit

(b)Fortitude

(c)Work culture (250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Key demand of the question:

Explain the terms in detail and suggest their relevance in one’s personal and public life.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction

Start your intro by your understanding of the word. For eg. Grit means to have the passion and perseverance to achieve long term goals.

You may also start your intro by giving example of great personality and their quality. For eg. Nelson Mandela, leader from South Africa changed the world for the better through his passion and perseverance. His lifelong goal, similar to Martin Luther King, Jr., was to achieve equal rights for non-white people in his country.

Body of the answer

First explain the importance of the word in real life and more importantly public administration.

Support your explanation with help of examples. You can give some real-life example where you have shown such quality or give examples related to administration.

Conclusion: 

Conclude by suggesting how one can strengthen these qualities.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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