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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 July 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects
on industrial growth.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1)  Inward-looking coalition with partners constantly at war with each other has often stalled governance in many states with recent one being Karnataka. In the light of the above statement critically evaluate the working of Coalition politics in India.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

 The article highlights the recent controversy surrounding the coalition government in the state of Karnataka.

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse in detail the working of coalition politics in India.

Directive:

Critically evaluateWhen asked to evaluate, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss the background of the recent happenings in Karnataka’s state government machinery.

Body:

Body of the answer should cover the following aspects – 

What is a political party coalition?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of coalition government?

Trace the evolution of coalition politics in India.

Discuss in detail how coalition politics is an important tool in a democracy but yet with flaws that need to be worked upon.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Maintaining a successful partnership often requires more than just ideological alignment.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

2) Despite being a low-cost tool, nutrition counselling has proven to be one of the best bets for India in attaining global goals more favourably. Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question: 

A study was conducted by India Consensus, which is a partnership between Tata Trusts and Copenhagen Consensus. This study suggests that nutrition and health counselling delivered under the auspices of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme is one of the best possible investments that can be made by any government.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of nutrition counselling in attaining the Global goals for India.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by explaining what do you understand by nutrition counselling.

Body

In short first discuss the relevance of schemes that have been working to resolve the challenges of nutrition plaguing the Indian health system, then discuss the highlights of the study; The preliminary results of this analysis show that there are many policies that can achieve amazing outcomes. If India were to spend ₹50,000 crore more on achieving the Global Goals, focussing on the most phenomenal programmes identified so far by India Consensus would create extra benefits for India worth ₹20 lakh crore — more than the entire Indian public consumption. With returns like this at stake, there are compelling reasons to look favourably at approaches including nutrition counselling.

Conclusion 

Suggest way forward and reassert significance of such approaches.


Topic:Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

3) What are the constitutional provisions related to interstate river water disputes? Why have river water disputes spun out for such long durations of time in our country? Can there be a fix? comment. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Union Cabinet has approved the Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019 that will help adjudicate disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers and river valleys.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must list down the constitutional provisions related to interstate water dispute and discuss in detail the reasons for the delayed/ unsettled nature of the issue.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote the recent controversies surrounding the bill and bring out the significance of the constitutional provisions of the bill.

Body:

Discuss how Inter-State River Water Disputes are one of the most contiguous issues in the Indian federalism today.

List the Constitutional provisions for River Water Dispute in India.

Explain the reasons for the lingering water disputes over long durations of time. quote examples – Cauvery Water Dispute etc.

Suggest what should be the way forward? – significance of Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, Disputes Resolution Committee (DRC) etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that such disputes can hamper growth and development of the country and must be resolved amicably without much political opportunism.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4) “Economic growth and human development need to go hand in hand, without it a $5 trillion economy seems a distant dream”. Critically examine.(250 words) 

Livemint

Why this question:

The author in the article discusses in detail how a $5 trillion economy seems a distant dream unless the country revives aggregate demand and healthcare.

Key demand of the question:

Students are expected to elucidate on how economic growth is linked to human development and one can not be achieved without the other.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the dream of $5 trillion economy in short.

Body:

One has to explain that the country still has not overcome the challenges related to human development such as health aspects, ageing population, employment, lack of investments in agriculture etc.

Then explain how the above problems have consequences on economic growth of the country.

Take cues from the article and explain in what way it is essential for the country to focus on human development to achieve greater goals of economic growth.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing need to work on human development front to ensure continuous economic growth and development.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5) Discuss the prospects for ports in India. What are the issues and challenges with Indian Ports? Examine. (250 words)

 Indian geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is based on the policy perspective with respect to the investments in the defense sector and in what way FDI brings in self- reliance and Indigenization.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of FDI in defense, trace its evolution 

And analyse in detail its implications.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss first the importance of  investments in defense sector in general.

Body:

The body of the answer to have the following aspects covered in detail : 

Explain the evolution of FDI in Defence Sector.

Then discuss the associated advantages (Transparency, Quality Products, Reduction of Reserves, Positive Performance Pressure on Public Sector Enterprises, Employment Opportunities etc.) and disadvantages (Security Concerns, Competition for Domestic Private Industry, Overbearing Presence of Foreign Companies etc.)

Then focus on to explaining the Implications of FDI in Defense on Self-Reliance and Indigenization. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Despite proper implementation to providing access to clean cooking fuel, the Ujjwala Yojana seems to have hit a roadblock with respect to affordability. Analyse the issue and provide for an assessment on the feasibility of further expansion of this programme.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is about analysing the success of the Ujjwala Yojana.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the progress made by Ujjwala yojana in achieving access to the cleaner cooking fuel and to what extent it will be right to proceed with the program further.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief intro on the program intent – Ujjwala Yojana aims at providing clean cooking fuel to BPL families. The scheme aims at providing access to the under privileged sections of the society.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain why there are doubts about the question of affordability with respect to the program.

List the various causes like – cost involved, Black marketing, Lack of door delivery of cylinders is also adversely impacting refilling of cylinders in rural areas. Thus, one must detail on the aspects of the logistics hinderances and lack of penetration of the scheme and suggest solutions to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude that one aspect alone should not decide success or failure and that with suitable corrections and fixes the program can still achieve its mandate.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions.

7) Medical field is losing its ethics and values nowadays. Elaborate upon the factors that have caused corrupt practices to thrive in this noble field. (250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the corruption marring the medical profession in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the loss of ethics and values that is being witnessed in Medical filed off late and the factors responsible for it.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief suggest the importance and relevance of ethics and values to the field of medical practice.

Body:

Explain that Corruption, an undeniable reality in the health sector, is arguably the most serious ethical crisis in medicine today. Then discuss how it is complex because of its deep roots in the social, cultural, economic, political, legal, and ethical value systems of individuals, communities, cultures, and countries. 

Discuss what are the forms of corruption in healthcare and medicine? – Bribes and kickbacks, Theft and embezzlement, absenteeism (not attending work but claiming salary), Use of human subjects for financial gain, institutionalized potential corruption, unethical clinical trials etc.

Provide for case studies if possible, to justify better and suggest the need for inculcating ethics and values in the medical industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it is time to acknowledge that corruption in healthcare entails crimes against humanity. There is no room for complacency- history will not forgive physicians and bioethicists if they fail in their moral duty to safeguard the cause of ethics in medicine when it is necessary.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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