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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 July 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects
on industrial growth.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society. Social empowerment,

1) Criminalising Marital Rape may destabilise the institution of marriage apart from being an easy tool for harassing the husbands. Critically analyse the statement with a special focus on status of women in the Indian society. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently the Delhi High Court declined a plea seeking direction to the Centre to frame guidelines for registration of FIR for marital rape and laws to make it a ground for divorce.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the effect of criminalization of marital rape on the institution of marriage.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State few facts related to the criminalization of marital rape.

Body:

Explain the following aspects – 

First discuss what you understand by marital rape – Marital rape is the act of sexual intercourse with one’s spouse without the spouse’s consent. The lack of consent is the essential element and need not involve physical violence.

Then move on to explain the concerns associated with it, explain how it is often being misused against men by the women.

Ensure the answer also reflects on the status of women in the society. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing on the need for proper policies and legislations in place to deal with marital rape.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

2) Where does India stand in battle against Measles? Do you think India can achieve its 2020 target? Discuss the status of MR in India and the challenges it has been facing in eliminating the same.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question: 

The article explains in detail how Sri Lanka has made health history after spending three years free of any new measles and the World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared that the deadly childhood infection has been eliminated in the island nation. In contrast, India has a long road ahead, particularly because vaccine-resistant voices are sometimes being heard.

Demand of the question:

One has to discuss the challenges India is facing in eliminating the Measles. What are the challenges it is facing and how can we address them and achieve the target of measle free India?

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Quote the recent achievement made by the island country of Sri-Lanka. The World Health Organization (WHO), has declared Sri Lanka, a measles-free country.

Body

Discuss the following points – 

What is measles? – Measles is a highly contagious viral disease and is a cause of death among young children globally.

Explain what does the elimination disease mean – The elimination of a disease means that there have been zero new cases of the disease in the last three years. The country reported its last case of measles in May 2016.

The other countries in the region which have eliminated measles in their geographical area are Bhutan, Maldives, DPR Korea and Timor-Leste.

Explain the status of India with respect to Measles, what are the concerns, challenges etc and suggest a way forward.

Conclusion 

Conclude that the target of achieving a measles free India isn’t an impossible thing and that with suitable and targeted approach it can definitely be achieved.


Topic: population and associated issues.

3)  “The refugee crisis that the world is currently facing is a long-term effect of colonialism.” Critically analyse.(250 words)

Epw

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the difficulties that refugees from various places face when seeking asylum. It analyses the causes of such a crisis and in what way it is the long-term effect of colonialism.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the underlying causes of the world refugee crisis and the connection with colonialism.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote few facts from various reports highlighting the refugee crisis.

For e.g. – The United Nations Human Rights Commission records a total of 68.5 million “forcibly displaced people” worldwide. Syria accounts for 6.3 million refugees alone, closely followed by South Sudan and Afghanistan.

Body:

The answer must explain how the crisis might be a consequence of imperfect decolonization. How new ways of continuing unfair trade practices have led to the enduring exploitation of formerly colonized nations, the populations of which have been subjected to disastrous wars and unstable governments.

 In addition to economic exploitation, students must examine the oppressive Eurocentric ideologies of the state that are now being used to demonize refugees for political gains.

Suggest what are the major concerns posed by the challenge and what needs to be done to overcome the challenge. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead by suggesting suitable solutions to address the problem. 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

4) Examine the impact of liberalisation on Indian companies, to what extent are they competing successfully with the MNCs? Discuss.(250 words) 

 Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

Key demand of the question:

The question is about analysing the impact of liberalisation specifically on the Indian companies and in what way they are competing the MNCs satisfactorily.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction on what you understand by liberalization.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First explain the effects of liberalization in general and then explain how it impacted the Indian companies and in what way is the impact different from that on the MNCs

Explain that Foreign direct investment (FDI) in India is a major monetary source for economic development in India. Foreign companies invest directly in fast growing private Indian businesses to take benefits of cheaper wages and changing business environment of India.

Then discuss in what way it is helping the Indian companies to compete with other MNC’s successfully, what are the challenges associated etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5) Trace the evolution of FDI in defence sector of India and also analyse the Implications of FDI in Defence on Self-Reliance and Indigenisation.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The question is based on the policy perspective with respect to the investments in the defense sector and in what way FDI brings in self- reliance and Indigenization.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of FDI in defense, trace its evolution 

And analyse in detail its implications.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss first the importance of  investments in defense sector in general.

Body:

The body of the answer to have the following aspects covered in detail : 

Explain the evolution of FDI in Defence Sector.

Then discuss the associated advantages (Transparency, Quality Products, Reduction of Reserves, Positive Performance Pressure on Public Sector Enterprises, Employment Opportunities etc.) and disadvantages (Security Concerns, Competition for Domestic Private Industry, Overbearing Presence of Foreign Companies etc.)

Then focus on to explaining the Implications of FDI in Defense on Self-Reliance and Indigenization. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) Forest dwellers and farmers are the best hope to preserve biodiversity and ensure food security. Discuss the statement with suitable examples.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

 The article deals in what way forest dwellers and farmers are the best hope to preserve biodiversity and ensure food security.

Key demand of the question:

The answer is straight forward and must discuss the role of forest dwellers, tribal communities and the farmers in preserving biodiversity and ensuring food security.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the context of the question.

Body:

Discussion should be followed by suitable examples to justify the role of forest dwellers, for e.g. the case study of Dongria Kondh tribe of Niyamgiri Hills – they are among the best conservationists in the world. Known for the spirited defense of their forested habitat against short-sighted industrialization, they have through millennia evolved a lifestyle that is in perfect harmony with nature.

Likewise explain the role played by farmers – in what way they help achieve food security.

Take cues from the article and discuss their significant role.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting their significant role played in conserving and preserving the biodiversity and ensuring food security.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic:case study

7) Public utilities and spaces in India are in a bad shape. Roads, water supply, street lighting, market cleanliness, railway stations, parks, community centers, public toilets, rivers and ponds are considered sole responsibility of the government to maintain without charging anything. People consider that they have rights to better public utilities and public spaces solely on the basis of government’s ability to provide them.

 Explain what should be the ideal way to manage the quality of public utilities and public spaces in a populous country like India? Suggest appropriate solutions.(250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

India’s emerging development moment is caught between two realities: inadequate systems in public transportation, housing, waste management, and access to sanitation and health; and a burgeoning ecosystem of enterprising individuals, communities and start-ups pushing innovative solutions to these very same civic issues. The question is about analyzing the deficit between the rights of people to access these features and the role of govt. in providing the same.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the issue and suggest solutions to the case study.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight the context and explain what the question is hinting at.

Body:

Discussion should include the following aspects – 

What is the issue facing our country with respect to public utilities and civic amenities?

Then outline the emerging challenges and opportunities in India, particularly climate change, sustainability, resilience, and the possibilities of digital technologies and how these have an impact on the problem in question.

Explain what needs to be done to address such an issue.

Press on the need for multi-stakeholder approach and that the responsibility doesn’t lie with government alone.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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