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InsightsIAS Ethics 70 Days Plan – Day 10

InsightsIAS Ethics 70 Days Plan 

Day 10

Case study – 1

Ramanujan Shastri, secretary in the ministry of defence, is a respected and admired bureaucrat. Defence minister trusts Ramanujan and has given him a free hand in the ministry. Ramanujan, who is at the fag end of his career, recently lost his elder son and wife in an accident and ever since , he has kept a low profile and has grown more fond of his other son who now just finished his graduation from an ordinary institution in the capital.

In a deal involving direct government to government contract with a major arms supplier, Ramanujan is tasked with speeding up the contract agreement and finalize the deal. The manufacturer, who will benefit immensely if the process is expedited, on many occasions has personally contacted Ramanujan and expressed his frustration in the slow movement of files in the ministry.

Ramanujan’s younger son wants to study in a world’s most reputed university for which he needs a lot of money and good references. Son has his father’s complete support and he himself is contemplating the idea of moving out with his son to a new place, but money is the constraint. The person from the company who is in touch with Ramanujan comes to know about this and in one of his meetings with Ramanujan, he assures him to look after his son’s entire higher education costs — from admission to placement to a well-paying job — provided he speeds up the finalization of the deal.

Because of unexpected political circumstances, the defence minister now wants to scrap the deal. From his experience Ramanujan senses that the present controversy is temporary and somehow the deal will be inked later.   Ramanujan who has few months of service left with him is in a dilemma. He doesn’t want to disappoint his son and at the same time he wants to be in good terms with the minister. The deal, if signed, doesn’t harm anyone’s interests. The products are of world class and is sure to add value to the country’s defence arsenal.

What should be Ramanujan’s course of action in this situation?


Case study -2

You are travelling in a train in sleeper class at night. You have not slept properly for three days because of some hectic tiresome personal work. You are desperately in need of some good sleep. At around 10 pm an old woman and a small girl child with lots of luggage gets into the car you are in. They have general ticket but don’t possess reserved tickets. Someone had advised them that if any seats are vacant, Train Ticket Examiner (TTE) would accommodate them. Unfortunately no seat is vacant.

You are falling asleep and the old woman and child are standing next to your cabin waiting anxiously the arrival of TTE. It appears that the old woman is sick and they are traveling to some distant place on an urgent notice.  This TTE is not a kind man and as soon as he comes to know that these two are travelling without a valid ticket, he starts abusing them badly. He asks the woman and child to pay hefty fine and sleep on the floor near toilet or wait near the door till next station arrived which is two hours away and  get into general car — which is far away from the sleeper class for these two to run and get into. Their ardent requests are met with constant abuses. TTE even doesn’t care when the small girl starts crying as she is very sleepy. TTE states clearly that he is not willing to accommodate them with anyone in the sleeper class as it’s against rules.

You lost your sleep and heard the diatribe of TTE against these hapless woman and child. Inside the train it’s very cold. As a responsible citizen with empathy towards others, what would you do to help the old woman and child? How will you resolve the issue?