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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects
on industrial growth.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Mughal Court paintings provide not only an insight into the life and times of rulers of the period, but also reflect the contemporary social and political life of the people. Discuss how these paintings were not just paintings but an art of storytelling?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the significance of Mughal paintings even in today’s times.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail as to in what way the Mughal paintings manifested themselves as much more than just paintings and narrated the political and social conditions of people in the form of stories.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with key features of Mughal paintings.

Body:

Body of the answer should discuss in detail the key features of Mughal paintings and explain in what way Story telling through paintings had been established as an art form in India.

Explain that the Mughal paintings mark a unique blend of Persian and Indian ideas. Mughal painting was essentially a court art, developed under the patronage of the ruling Mughal emperors. The subjects treated were generally secular, revolving around themes like battles, court scenes, receptions, legendary stories, hunting scenes, wildlife, portraits, and the likes.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Mughal paintings are great  story tellers and are very informative, that provide deep insights not only into the life and times of the Mughals but also in rich Indian heritage and culture.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

 2) Do you think the recently proposed automated facial recognition system for improving outcomes in the area of Criminal identification and verification is opaque, vague and prone to misuse? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question: 

The article captures a detailed discussion on the recent move made by NCRB, which has proposed integrating facial recognition system with multiple existing databases. The most prominent is the NCRB-managed Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS). Facial recognition has been proposed in the CCTNS program since its origin.

Demand of the question:

Th answer must critically examine the pros and cons of such a move and suggest a way forward.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

State the relevance first, explain what you understand by automated facial recognition system.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the body of the answer – 

  • The question demands a detailed discussion on the concerns around using facial recognition. Explain that the Cyber experts across the world have cautioned against government abuse of facial recognition technology, as it can be used as tool of control and risks inaccurate results.
  • Explain the issue of privacy infringement and others in detail.
  • Form a fair and balanced opinion.

Conclusion 

Conclude with what can be done and suggest a balanced way ahead.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

3) The current nutrition level is the biggest development challenge, it has implications on both current and future generations in India. In the light of the above statement discuss the relevance of POSHAN Abhiyaan in achieving goals in this direction.(250 words)

livemint

Why this question:

 The article talks about Nutrition as a challenge and yet to be achieved goal in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer needs to analyse the nutrition aspect prevailing in the country and to what extent POSHAN Abhiyaan has been successful in achieving its goals.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote facts suggesting current conditions of nutrition in the country.

Body:

Take hints from the article and discuss the context first, explain though the nutrition policy is heading the right direction there are challenges that need attention.

Explain the features of the POSHAN Abhiyaan and in what way the mission has been trying to address the issues plaguing nutrition scenario. Discuss the shortcomings of the same if any.

Explain the pros and cons and suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that one mission alone can not resolve the entire issue and that multi – integrated approach is required to resolve the problem.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

4) What do you mean by liberalization? How does it affect the international business environment?What led to Liberalisation of Indian economy? Discuss.(250 words)

Indian Economy by Dutt and sundaram

Why this question:

The question is direct from GS paper III, it seeks to examine the effects of liberalization on international business environment and the causative factors responsible for liberalisation of Indian economy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail what is liberalization, effects of it on international business environment, and the factors responsible for liberalisation of the Indian economy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is liberalization. 

Body:

The answer should discuss the following points: 

Explain what you understand by liberalization? 

What are the major goals of economic liberalization?

What is the importance of Liberalization?

Then discuss that the economic liberalization in India refers to the changes and reforms, initiated in 1991, of the country’s economic policies, with the goal of making the economy more market- and service-oriented, and expanding the role of private and foreign investment.

Explain its effect on international business environment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and reassert the significance of it.


Topic:  Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5) Do you think airlines in india can be run professionally under government control just as private airlines? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question seeks to examine the possibility of professional establishment of govt. airlines like that of the private ones amidst the recent debates surrounding the aviation industry.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must examine the possibility, associated issues and concerns.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction of the aviation sector scenario in India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First explain that in India in the early phase of commercial aviation, airlines were state-owned and profits were not the list of priorities behind the commercial operations. After the liberalization of air travel in the 1980s, there was intense competition. Low-cost carriers, introduced cut-throat rivalry, and government airlines started struggling. However, privatization is not a panacea for current problems of airlines. Some airlines despite being owned by the government are doing well.

List the issues plaguing the aviation sector, specifically the government ones and conclude what can be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:case study based on persuasion

6) Imagine you are a college going student and you are asked to assist with college-wide campaign to increase the use of helmets and seat-belts.

How in such a situation would you create a persuasive message for the college students? Discuss.(250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of Persuasion.

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the significance of power of persuasion through innovative methods in the case study given above.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the context of the question.

Body:

Discuss the need for ensuring seat belts and helmets during driving vehicles and justify their significance.

Explain what role has the power of persuasion to play in such scenario.

How you as a student from the same college can profess the idea, persuade people to use seat belts and helmets.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of persuasion.


Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration

7) “Don’t promise when you are happy, don’t answer when you are angry, and don’t decide when you are sad”. What is the essence of this statement for a working civil servant? Analyse.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of emotional intelligence.

Key demand of the question:

One is expected to discuss the importance of holding onto emotions in the context of the statement applied to the civil servants. 

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain first the meaning of the statement in question.

Body:

One has to explain in what way it is very essential for civil servants to hold on to their emotional strength and profess high emotional quotient. Students should use case studies or relevant examples and justify the significance of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a balance of emotions is quintessential to ensure right decision making in every sphere of life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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