Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
5) Do you think airlines in india can be run professionally under government control just as private airlines? Critically analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question seeks to examine the possibility of professional establishment of govt. airlines like that of the private ones amidst the recent debates surrounding the aviation industry.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must examine the possibility, associated issues and concerns.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief introduction of the aviation sector scenario in India.
Discussion should include the following:
First explain that in India in the early phase of commercial aviation, airlines were state-owned and profits were not the list of priorities behind the commercial operations. After the liberalization of air travel in the 1980s, there was intense competition. Low-cost carriers, introduced cut-throat rivalry, and government airlines started struggling. However, privatization is not a panacea for current problems of airlines. Some airlines despite being owned by the government are doing well.
List the issues plaguing the aviation sector, specifically the government ones and conclude what can be done.
Conclude with way forward.