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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 July 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Land reforms in India

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

1) The move of the government to ensure registered medical practitioners dispense only generic medicine will make them easily accessible but the lack of regulation may play killjoy. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question: 

The Central Government is considering amendments to the Drugs and Cosmetic Rules, 1945 to ensure that registered medical practitioners dispense only generic medicines.

Demand of the question:

One has to explain what are Generic drugs, their significance, concerns, usage and efforts made by the government to promote them.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

State the recent step taken by the govt. to amend the Act – It is now proposed that registered medical practitioners shall supply generic medicines only and physicians samples shall be supplied free of cost.

Body

  • Start by explaining What is a Generic Medicine? – Generic medicines are unbranded medicines which are equally safe and having the same efficacy as that of branded medicines in terms of their therapeutic value. The prices of generic medicines are much cheaper than their branded equivalent.
  • The answer must focus on the challenge front in terms of lack of regulatory framework as to what factors despite making it compulsory can still make the usage of generic drugs less affordable/accessible.
  • Discuss the fundamental areas of concern, then move on to explain the efforts made by govt. in this direction.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Moral suasion.

2) Given the importance of religion in Indian culture, do you think the suggestion given in the Economic Survey on the use of moral suasion drawn from religious beliefs can modify the behaviour of Indians? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The recently released economic survey has proposed the use of culture and tradition on several fronts such as gender equity campaign etc. Survey emphasizes on the religious basis to back the righteousness; moral suasion.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the significance of moral suasion and the context of it in Indian scenario as to what extent can we use it as a weapon to address various issues.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly highlight the findings of economic survey in this regard.

Body:

  • First explain the religious base present in the country.
  • How can moral suasion guide one’s ethical and moral, economic behaviour?
  • The answer should explain the various fronts that the survey takes to bring out the importance of moral suasion such as – It elaborates by referencing various religions: In Hinduism, non-payment of debts is a sin and also a crime. The duty or obligation of a child to repay the debts of the deceased parent is rested upon a special doctrine, known as ‘The Doctrine of Pious Obligation’. 
    Islam says a person cannot enter paradise until his debt is paid. All of his wealth could be used to pay the debt and if it is insufficient, then one or more heirs could voluntarily pay for him. 
    The survey also quotes the Bible: “Let no debt remain outstanding except the continuing debt to love one another’’ and “The wicked borrows and does not repay, but the righteous shows mercy and gives”. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance of such moves.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3) With warnings from India’s policy-makers and reports of major cities in India struggling to cope with water crisis, exploring technologies to harness fresh water seems to be a ray of hope. Critically examine these technologies. How far would they be effective in preventing a water crisis in the future?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

 The article discusses the major challenge of water crisis the country is facing and highlights the need of emerging technologies in addressing the issue.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the role that technology can play in harnessing effective ways of preventing water crisis in the coming future.

Directive:

Critically ExamineWhen asked to examine, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with facts justifying the current water crisis conditions facing the country.

Body:

The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate, students must first bring out the current conditions of water crisis in the country – state reasons, concerns posed etc. and then move on to explain in what way newer technologies can address the situation in an effective and sustainable manner.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of technology and put a word of caution that technology alone can not be a solution for the crisis but also awareness, sustainable use of water is the need of the hour.


Topic:  Land reforms in India.

4) What are the major land reforms of India? Why are land reforms needed in Indian economy? Discuss.(250 words)

Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

The question seeks to examine the major land reforms in India and their need for the economy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the major land reforms in India and their what are their contributions to the Indian economy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe briefly the beginning of land reforms in India. 

Body:

  • First explain what you understand by land reforms – Land reforms in India usually refer to redistribution of land from the rich to the poor. Land reforms are often connected with re-distribution of agricultural land and hence it is related to agrarian reforms too.
  • Start with a narration of Background and History of Land Reforms in India.
  • Explain the major land reforms that took place in India.
  • Its role in Indian economy – Equity – now the majority of land in India is enjoyed by a minority of landlords. The inverse relationship between land size and efficiency – the smaller the land, better will be the productivity and efficiency. Owner-cultivation is more efficient than share-cropping etc.
  • Then discuss the relevant challenges that need focus.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Land reforms in India.

5) India is facing a problem of fragmented landholdings at present, with nearly 67% of Indian farmers possessing land holdings below 1 hectare. Under such conditions discuss the need for appropriate land reforms.(250 words)

 Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of land reforms and in what way they are the need of the hour.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the burning issue of declining land area and the issue of fragmentation.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with facts substantiating prevalent conditions of land fragmentation.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

  • Start by bringing out the challenge of land fragmentation, discuss the reasons, concerns associated with it.
  • Explain that the main objective of the land reforms programme is to do away with the existing inequalities in the system of landholding and to increase the agriculture. Thus, explain how land reforms can address the issue of fragmentation.
  • Quote examples/case studies to justify better. Suggest cases where land reforms have addressed successfully such situations.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Changing the man-land relations and the man-man relations on land has been a concern for decision-makers and people of a country. Whenever there has been exploitation of landlords or the government’s failure to frame the policies, peasants and people’s movements targeted the oppressors and policy makers.


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6) What do you understand by 5G technology? What are its benefits? Explain the various challenges involved in adopting the same.(250 words)

Reference

Economictimes

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of recent debates over the Huawei’s role in the 5G network rollout in India continues. This comes at a time when the government has made its intentions clear to start with the 5G trials soon.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the 5G technology, its benefits and applications and what are the challenges currently India is facing in implementing it.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in brief what you understand by 5G technology.

Body:

Explain the following points – 

  • 5G – It is the next generation cellular technology that will provide faster and more reliable communication with ultra-low latency.
  • Its benefits – It will revolutionize the mobile experience; consumers will be able to download data heavy content such as 8K movies and games with better graphics in just a few seconds. But once 5G becomes commercial, users will be required to change their current devices in favor of 5G-enabled ones. 
  • However, it is likely that the primary use of the technology will go beyond delivery of services on personal mobiles devices.
  • Discuss the various fields of applications for such technology.
  • Discuss the various challenges being faced in incorporating the technology in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such a technology.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service – social intelligence

7) Explain what do you understand by social intelligence? discuss the significance of social intelligence in civil services with suitable examples.(250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of social intelligence.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of social intelligence, discuss the associated nuances, its significance and more so specifically its utility with respect to civil services.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is social intelligence.

Body:

Discuss the following points: 

  • Social Intelligence (SI) is the ability to successfully build relationships and navigate social environments. Our society puts a huge emphasis on book smarts and IQ, but our relationships effect a much bigger part of our lives. 
  • Explain What are the components of social intelligence?
  • What are different types of social intelligence?
  • Is social intelligence the same as emotional intelligence?
  • How can one become socially intelligent?
  • What is the relevance of Social intelligence to civil services, what difference does it make?

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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