Topic: Land reforms in India.
5) India is facing a problem of fragmented landholdings at present, with nearly 67% of Indian farmers possessing land holdings below 1 hectare. Under such conditions discuss the need for appropriate land reforms.(250 words)
Indian economy by Dutta and Sundaram
Why this question:
The question is based on the theme of land reforms and in what way they are the need of the hour.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the burning issue of declining land area and the issue of fragmentation.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with facts substantiating prevalent conditions of land fragmentation.
Discussion should include the following:
- Start by bringing out the challenge of land fragmentation, discuss the reasons, concerns associated with it.
- Explain that the main objective of the land reforms programme is to do away with the existing inequalities in the system of landholding and to increase the agriculture. Thus, explain how land reforms can address the issue of fragmentation.
- Quote examples/case studies to justify better. Suggest cases where land reforms have addressed successfully such situations.
Conclude that Changing the man-land relations and the man-man relations on land has been a concern for decision-makers and people of a country. Whenever there has been exploitation of landlords or the government’s failure to frame the policies, peasants and people’s movements targeted the oppressors and policy makers.