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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04  July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;
Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of
buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Development processes and the development industry ,mobilization of resources, growth, development ,Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc

 1) The global automobile industry is striding forward to move away from fossil fuels. Do you think India become a world leader in electric vehicles industry? Critically analyse the issues and challenges in front of Indian automobile industry to shift to electric vehicles. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

To push the adoption of electric mobility in the country, government think-tank NITI Aayog has proposed the establishment of giga factories in India for the manufacture of lithium-ion batteries in the next couple of years.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the current automobile industry scenario in India and the challenges before it in shifting to the electric mobility generation technology.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the current automobile industry scenario in India.

Body:

The answer must analyse the global trends of electric mobility, its importance, then explain what are the issues or challenges for Indian automobile industry to move away from current fossil fuel based system to electric mobility system. One has to discuss in detail the bottlenecks and suggest way forward as to what needs to be done and how far can India achieve in this direction.

Conclusion:

One can conclude with government’s efforts in this direction.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2)  The effectiveness of Government measures in recent times have indicated a decline in child labour in India. Will this lead to complete eradication of child labour in India? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The article highlights the recent reports published in Lok Sabha that suggested instances of child labour detected during inspections having reduced successively from 2014 to 2018.

Demand of the question:

The answer has to evaluate the recent declining trends in child labour and to what extent government efforts alone have contributed to eradication of it and what more is needed to make India child labour free.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Quote some facts to depict the declining trends.

Body

  • Explain what is meant by Child labour? – 
  • According to International Labour Organization (ILO), the term ‘child labour’ is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
  • Then explain What are the consequences/adverse effects of child labour on a child’s life?
  • What have been the government’s efforts in addressing the issue?
  • What needs to be done to completely get rid of such a social evil?

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3)  Discuss the impact of Digitalization on Healthcare Services Performance and analyse the trends and evaluate the various challenges posed by it.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

 India’s apex drug regulator, the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), has issued an alert about a possible risk of hacking of some insulin pumps manufactured by device maker Medtronic PLC recently, after the US FDA flagged the issue last week.

Key demand of the question:

The question is intended to evaluate the effect that digitization/technology is having upon the Healthcare system and the various challenges it poses upon it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the role played by technology in healthcare system in general.

Body:

Healthcare systems are facing many challenges, from demographics to multi-morbidities that are associated with increasing the demand for more services. New technologies are thought to be a solution to these problems. However, to address these problems with digitalization of healthcare will imply the combination of properly using technologies, aligned with integrated working processes and skilled professionals. 

In the answer one must first highlight the challenges associated with the digitalization of healthcare, the next the implementation of digital services, considering a method to design online service, and then the impact of digitalization on healthcare workforce performance.

 Finally, the discussion should examine the challenges of digitalization for the future. 

Explain how proper digitalization of healthcare will enable changes in the paradigm of healthcare delivery as well as in the mechanism for patients’ participation and engagement. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that the sustainability of healthcare will depend on how efficient we will make digital service design.


General Studies – 3


Topic Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

4) Discuss the key features of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) and evaluate its contributions in promoting organic farming in India.(250 words)

Vikaspedia

 

Why this question:

The question is about evaluating the scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the key features, objectives and significant role played by Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) in boosting the organic farming system of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe in brief coming of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).

Body:

The body of the answer should discuss the following aspects:

Explain that Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).

Discuss its implementation of the program and in what way it has contributed to organic farming and its development in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.


Topic:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5) Hidden hunger is a major challenge for India. Discuss the statement in the light of recent Global Hunger Index and also elaborate on India’s effort to achieve food security.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is intended to evaluate the hidden hunger scenario prevalent in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must highlight the recent findings of the global hunger index report and discuss the efforts being made to eradicate the hidden hunger issue.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief narration of the findings of the report.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain that the Global hunger index and its rankings reflect the status of food security in a particular country. It is based on four factors – stunting, wasting, under nourishment and child mortality.

Nutritional transition in India where food habits are moving from minimally processed food to highly processed, calorific, micro nutrient poor foods can be cited as a reason.

 Excessive stress on high yielding staple crops such as rice and wheat has also worsened the stress on micro nutrient rich food. Food inflation, lack of sufficient information, education on balanced nutrition can be cited as other reasons.

Then discuss in what way the report took a positive opinion on India s effort to raise its food security. PDS system, NRHM, Midday meal program, ICDS scheme, Antyodaya anna yojana all are the steps in ensuring food security. Here the criticism is that Indian planning was centered on carbohydrate security rather than nutritional security as a whole. 

Added to this, leakages in PDS, improper targeting need to be addressed. In this context, reforms initiated in Chhattisgarh for protein malnutrition, Universal PDS system can provide a direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity

6) “Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly. While bad people will find a way around the laws” – Plato.” Critically analyse this statement in the light of the functioning of the Civil servant in a democracy. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is premised on the need of law for good vs bad people and in what way it has a deeper impact on civil servants and their functionality in a democracy.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the significance of laws in civil services and in a democracy in general. Then explain why laws are essential to bring everyone on the same page.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the significance of laws in a society.

Body:

Explain first why good people do not require laws to be guided and on the contrary bad people will always find ways around laws to fringe across.

Discuss the significance of stronger and stricter laws to ensure right functioning of civil servants in a democracy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of laws in governing civil services in a democracy.


Topic: challenges of corruption.

7) What do you mean by ‘white collar crimes’? If poor and illiterate are more vulnerable to be corrupt, why do the rich and educated people become corrupt? Suggest measures to stop corruption by the rich and educated people? (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of corruption and in what way it is beyond the lines of poor or rich.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail with examples how corruption need not always be driven by poverty or un-educatedness rather it is often the manifestation of lack of right values and morals in individuals.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the prevalence of corruption among rich and poor.

Body:

Discuss with suitable examples how corruption is rampant even among the rich and educated. The question can be best explained with examples where it is evident that the rich and literate have indulged in corruption by compromising on values and morals. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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