Topic: Development processes and the development industry ,mobilization of resources, growth, development ,Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
1) The global automobile industry is striding forward to move away from fossil fuels. Do you think India become a world leader in electric vehicles industry? Critically analyse the issues and challenges in front of Indian automobile industry to shift to electric vehicles. (250 words)
Why this question:
To push the adoption of electric mobility in the country, government think-tank NITI Aayog has proposed the establishment of giga factories in India for the manufacture of lithium-ion batteries in the next couple of years.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate the current automobile industry scenario in India and the challenges before it in shifting to the electric mobility generation technology.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In short explain the current automobile industry scenario in India.
The answer must analyse the global trends of electric mobility, its importance, then explain what are the issues or challenges for Indian automobile industry to move away from current fossil fuel based system to electric mobility system. One has to discuss in detail the bottlenecks and suggest way forward as to what needs to be done and how far can India achieve in this direction.
One can conclude with government’s efforts in this direction.