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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;
Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of
buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

1) The utility of the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill could be of enormous abet in many areas yet bereft of safeguards. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The Lok Sabha has passed the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 that allows regulated use of DNA technology to establish the identity of certain defined categories of persons, including offenders, suspects, and undertrials. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the advantages and concerns associated with the bill.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief highlights of the bill.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Explain what was the need for such a legislation and what is its significance.

Bring out the key features of the bill and analyse both pros and cons.

Explain the benefits such as – By providing for the mandatory accreditation and regulation of DNA laboratories, the Bill seeks to ensure that with the proposed expanded use of this technology in the country. There is also the assurance that the DNA test results are reliable and the data remain protected from misuse or abuse in terms of the privacy rights of our citizens.

Then explain the associated concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for a balanced vision towards such aspects.


General Studies – 3


Topic Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

2) Discuss the importance of Public Distribution System in India and also explain the challenges involved and what reforms are required to overcome these challenges. (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The question is about PDS – its importance, challenges and reforms required. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of the PDS system for India and the challenges facing the system and suggest necessary reforms.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by PDS.

Body:

Explain that the Public Distribution System (PDS) evolved as a system for distribution of food grains at affordable prices and management of emergency situations. Over the years, the term PDS has become synonymous with the term ‘food security’ and also an important part of Government’s policy for management of food economy in the country.

Then move on to explain the growing significance of PDS, why is it so important with the aspect of food security.

Discuss the challenges associated and suggest what measures/reforms can be taken to make the PDS a success.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the need to have a robust PDS in place to ensure food secure and healthy India.


Topic:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

3) Discuss the effects of livestock farming on environment.(250 words)

Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is direct and is about discussing the effects of livestock farming on environment.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the pros and cons of livestock farming on the environment.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe basics of livestock farming. 

Body:

Explain in detail the equation between livestock farming and global warming

The conversion of forests into agricultural land and livestock ranches is one of the major causes of deforestation. It is being done to meet the rising demand for food. One to two acres of rainforests are cleared every second for animal rearing and agriculture. Another major concern is greenhouse gas emissions. Raising livestock generates 14.5 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions that are very bad for the environment. Forests help lower the risks of sudden climate change and also tone down the impacts from natural disasters.

Discuss both pros and cons and conclude with what needs to be done to overcome the challenge.

Conclusion:

Suggest how the impact can be mitigated or reduces what can be other alternatives.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 4) Discuss the impact of global warming on future economy and Jobs, explain more so specifically with respect to Indian scenario.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The article discusses the report, ‘Working on a warmer planet: The impact of heat stress on labour productivity and decent work’ anticipates an increase in “heat stress” resulting from global warming. It projects global productivity losses equivalent to 80 million full-time jobs in 2030, and the projection of 34 million jobs would make India the worst affected.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the impact of global warming on future economy and Jobs.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly discuss the recent trends in global warming, highlight the recent trends in it.

Body

The answer should discuss the following – 

The report defines heat stress as heat in excess of what the body can tolerate without suffering physiological impairment. It generally occurs at temperatures above 35°C, in high humidity. Excess heat during work is an occupational health risk and restricts workers’ physical functions and capabilities, work capacity and thus, productivity.

Take hints from the article and the report state how global warming can directly impact the job scenario and the economy.

Conclusion 

Conclude by suggesting measures to tackle such adversaries.


Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5) Why are Mumbai rains so disastrous despite the thousand crores spent? discuss the problems plaguing Mumbai’s urban drainage system.(250 words)

 Timesofindia

Why this question:

Flooding seems to recur almost every year in Mumbai, with this year being particularly severe. The city witnessed extremely heavy rains all through Monday.  In 44 years, Mumbai has received second highest rainfall in 24 hours.

demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the underlying reasons for recurrent flood conditions faced by the financial capital Mumbai.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in brief first the recurrence of the floods in Mumbai.

Body:

The discussions should have the following points:

What is the issue?

How does Mumbai’s drainage network look? – what and why are the key challenges. what is so specific about the Mumbai floods.

How to deal with tides, what are the specific problems plaguing the drainage system of the city – insufficient drains, crowded town planning.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward, what needs to be done, how should the disaster response be dealt with.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) Explain the difference between animal consciousness and human consciousness. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based upon the theme of consciousness.

Key demand of the question:

One must compare and contrast the consciousness of humans and animals and the intent of the question is to appreciate the superiority of human consciousness.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain first what you understand by consciousness.

Body:

Explain that the differences between consciences are a matter of content. A brain experiences thing with the help of representative models stimulated more or less intensely according to the information that reaches it from the outside on the one hand, and that it generates intrinsically on the other hand.

Animals have different contents of humans, coarser for most mental functions, but more elaborate on some specific points. They all have a language, less verbose of course than that of humans, but which nevertheless allows them to exchange essential information for their species. For example the dog consciously experiences a palette of olfactory representations probably as rich as the range of our own visual images.

Highlight thus the importance of human consciousness.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of consciousness in one’s life.


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

7) “When a man assumes public trust, he should consider himself as public property”. Illustrate the essence of the statement. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the quote given by American president Thomas Jefferson.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of public trust in the governance of the country.

Directive:

Illustrate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the statement generically as to what it is pointing to.

Body:

Explain that Public trust is a concept that relates back to the origins of democratic government and its seminal idea that within the public lies the true power and future of a society; therefore, whatever trust the public places in its officials must be respected. One of the reasons that bribery is regarded as a notorious evil is that it contributes to a culture of political corruption in which the public trust is eroded. Other issues related to political corruption or betrayal of public trust are lobbying, special interest groups and the public cartel.

Conclusion:

Reassert significance of public trust and its importance in the lives of public servants.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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