- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
What to study?
For Prelims: Statistics day, ISI.
For Mains: Important contributions of PC Mahalanobis.
National Statistics Day:
In recognition of the notable contributions made by Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in the fields of statistics, statistical system and economic planning, Government of India in 2007, has designated 29th June as the “Statistics Day” in the category of Special Days to be celebrated every year at the National level.
The objective of celebration of this Day is to create public awareness about the importance of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation, to acknowledge the contribution of Prof. Mahalanobis, and to pay homage to him.
Theme: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) keeping in view India’s commitment towards achieving these goals.
PC Mahalanobis became 1st Indian statistician to receive world recognition and is called as Father of Indian Statistics.
The Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) at Kolkata, set up by Prof. Mahalanobis in 1931, and was declared an autonomous “Institute of National Importance” through an act of Parliament in 1959.
ISI celebrates 29th June as the “Worker Day”.
In 1936 he introduced statistical measure called Mahalanobis distance, widely used in cluster analysis and classification techniques for which he is widely known.