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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 July 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 July 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;
Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of
buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.


General Studies – 1


Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

1) India’s megacities have continued to remain engines of growth; however, a faster pace of spatial development is the need of the hour to enable the country to take full advantage of its demographic dividend afforded by its young population. Discuss. (250 words)

livemint

Why this question: 

The question is to analyse the urging need for spatial development to ensure faster growth and development of the country.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the effect of spatial development on various aspects of growth – ranging from job opportunities, employment, access to physical infrastructure etc. and how it in turn will lead to overall growth and realization of demographic dividend of the country.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief on the context of the question, explain what you understand by spatial development.

Body

First explain how and why India’s growth has remained concentrated in megacities of the country, then analyse why there has been no shift of it to secondary cities and small towns. Then explain why and how for India, a faster pace of spatial development is vital to enable the country to take full advantage of its demographic dividend afforded by its young population. Take hints from the answer and discuss all the aspects with suitable justifications.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

2) Do you think the recent G20 summits have turned into talking shops rather than getting down to brass tacks? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question:

World leaders from 19 countries and the European Union met recently in Osaka, Japan for latest edition of G20 summit. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer requires one to analyse the possible inconclusiveness of the G20 summits off late and evaluation of the causes behind it. One should also suggest as to what needs to be done.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining what is G20, quote some facts like – annual meeting of leaders from the countries with the largest and fastest-growing economies. Its members account for 85% of the world’s GDP, and two-thirds of its population.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

  • Discuss the key features of G20, its establishment.
  • Role played by it in ensuring world economy on right track.
  • What have been the issues facing it off late?
  • What needs to be done to resolve the current concerns/issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its significance and need for a revamp in its functioning to ensure crisis free world economy. 


General Studies – 3


Topic Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

3) Agriculture is possibly the most environmentally destructive human activity, high yields coupled with lower greenhouse gas emissions, which GM crops have been proven to provide, are absolutely essential for a sustainable future. Critically analyse. (250 words)

livemint

 

Why this question:

The article argues for the benefits that GM crops have for India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must weigh the pros and cons of GM crops and use of such technology in doubling farmer’s income. One must justify in what way using GM crops is more of a boon than bane.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe first the context of question. 

Body:

The answer discussion should have the following aspects discussed in detail:

How do GM crops increase yield?

How do GMOs benefit farmers?

Can GMOs improve food security?

What are the roles of GMO in agricultural industry?

Explain if GM Crops Increase Farmer Profits and Environmental Sustainability?

Quote facts and figures from various reports and form a balanced and fair opinion.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a positive note.


Topic:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

4) The progress in livestock sector of the country is directly related to a more balanced development of rural economy and upliftment of poorer sections of the society. comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about analysing the role of livestock sector on the rural economy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must relate the growth of livestock sector and the impact it has on rural economy and life.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction on current status of livestock sector in India.

Body:

Explain that Animal Husbandry Sector plays a vital role in providing household nutritional security, increased income, and employment especially of women and in rural transformation. Animals provide a diverse range of output for cultivation, irrigation, transport; fibre and leather goods, manure for fertilizer and fuel besides direct production of milk, meat and eggs for human

consumption. Livestock provide economic security and social status to the family. Thus, progress in livestock sector is directly related to a more balanced development of rural economy and upliftment of poorer sections of the society. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of livestock, its significant contribution to the agricultural GDP.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) “Assertion of environmental citizenship by the people of India is the need of the hour”. Analyse the statement with suitable examples.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the Hindu Vedic principle of Rta dharma – Sanskrit for “truth” or “order”. It highlights the religious thoughts of other indigenous communities in India and provides guidelines to counter the irresponsible decisions made in the name of development by governments and private stakeholders benefiting from environmental clearances.

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse in depth the need of some kind of environmental citizenship by the people to conserve and save our environment for longer and sustainable future.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with importance of environmental citizenship – what is it and why is it necessary.

Body:

Explain the following aspects in the answer:

Explain why assertion of environmental citizenship by the people of India is the need of the hour?

What are the means and ways people can assert their environmental citizenship? – here one can quote example, as suggested in the article one can talk about the religious beliefs of various communities, tribal communities etc.

Discuss how role of citizens is as important as role played by government, other organizations and NGOs etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Citizen’s charter

6) What do you understand by Citizen’s Charter? Discuss in detail its importance and objectives, Also discuss the problems faced in its implementation.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the topic of citizen’s charter and its importance. One has to as well discuss the issues/concerns faced in its implementation.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail what you understand by citizen’s charter, its key objectives and challenges in its implementation.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is a citizen’s charter.

Body:

Explain what is a citizen’s charter, its evolution and basic features.

Discuss in depth the principles of service delivery and its significance through CC.

Explain what are the possible shortcomings of CC in India in its implementation and how can it be overcome?

Suggest what reforms can be made to make Citizen’s charter more effective?

Conclusion:

Conclude that Citizens’ Charter cannot be an end in itself, it is rather a means to an end – a tool to ensure that the citizen is always at the heart of any service delivery mechanism. 


Topic: case study.

7) As an SDM you have received a complaint that in a village under your jurisdiction, people belonging to a religious community who are in majority there (this community is a minority in the state and country) are constructing an illegal religious structure on village common land. It is nearing completion.  The complaint is filed by a local leader belonging to a community who are in minority (majority in the state and country) in the village. You have verified the complaint and found that indeed the structure is being illegally constructed on village common land. You also find that this structure is funded by local MLA.

You had issued a show cause notice to the trust that’s constructing the structure asking them why it shouldn’t be demolished. They have replied that a Panchayat of villagers (not official Gram Sabha) was convened and it had decided to construct the structure for the community purpose as they didn’t have a proper place for prayers and congregation. They have also replied that they are willing to pay the fine if the government decides to impose any and have ardently requested not to order demolition as it might lead to communal clashes in the village.

The issue is sensitive as majority of the village wants it constructed at any cost. As SDM how will you proceed to resolve the issue?(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The case study is based on the ethical dilemma.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must sufficiently address the demands of the case study by analyzing the involved ethical perspectives.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by appreciating the case study, what are the issues involved, who are the stakeholders etc. 

Body:

The question Infront of SDM is about following a balanced approach by understanding the sentiments of the majority community and at the same time giving justice to the minority community.

Students must analyse all possible issues and concerns, write a step by step solution ensuring the concerns of all the stakeholders are taken into account and a solution is provided for which is best fits all. The solution must resonate ethics and morals.

Conclusion:

Conclude by need for strong ethical values, uprightness required by the SDM to take steps in the right directions.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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