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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 June 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of
irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural
produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.


General Studies – 1


Topic: social empowerment

1) Sexual harassment at workplace is often a manifestation of expression of power, in the light of the above statement discuss the loopholes and the inadequacies in the implementation of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act and suggest what needs to be done.(250 words)

Epw

Why this question:

The article talks about the lacunae the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act would face owing to implementation difficulties as most of the time the act of harassment is a result of power expression.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must first justify why the sexual harassment at workplace is often a manifestation of power and in what way the Act fails to address the issue in totality owing to different reasons.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the statement in the question.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First discuss the coming of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act. Its benefits and the relief it brought with it.

Then move on to discuss how Sexual harassment cases at the workplace continue to be reported in large numbers, which means that the nature of the workplace itself needs to be questioned.

Substantiate sufficiently how laws alone are not enough and other redressal mechanisms need to be put in place to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating the way forward.


Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

2) Discuss the legacy of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his contributions to the Sikh community.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question: 

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the contributions of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. On Thursday, a statue of Ranjit Singh, who ruled Punjab for almost four decades (1801-39), was inaugurated in Lahore. June 27 is his death anniversary.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the legacy of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his contributions to the Sikh community.

Directive word: 

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction on Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Body

Explain the following aspects – Ranjit Singh was born on November 13, 1780 in Gujranwala, now in Pakistan. At that time, Punjab was ruled by powerful chieftains who had divided the territory into Misls. Ranjit Singh overthrew the warring Misls and established a unified Sikh empire after he conquered Lahore in 1799.

Then explain the contributions of him to Sikh community.

Conclusion 

Conclude by reasserting the contributions and significance of the same.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Do you agree sanitation will remain a mirage even after India stops defecating in the open? Discuss the challenges with respect to sanitation aspects in India and what needs to be done to overcome the same? (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article takes a hard look at the challenges that need to be addressed with respect to sanitation as although we will meet the target of an open defecation free India much before deadline, it is still the easiest milestone that India has crossed.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the challenges and hurdles that the sanitation aspect is facing in India despite efforts in the right direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on the SBM and other sanitation programmes of the country.

Body:

Explain the following aspects:

State facts and data from the article.

Discuss why the sanitation drives though have taken civilizational leap forward are still not success stories in reality.

Explain the areas of lacunae, the challenges/hurdles in detail that the sanitation drives /policies have been facing.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done? Suggest way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) Discuss the scope of replication of ‘White Revolution’ in India. (250 words)

 Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

 

Why this question:

The answer must discuss the scope of white revolution.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the scope of white revolution in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is white revolution. 

Body:

The question is direct one has to discuss the success of white revolution in the past and the possible white revolution 2.0 in the coming future.

Students must make use of facts and figures to justify the potential of the revolution in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5) Discuss the pattern of land holdings in India and the challenges related to land fragmentation also suggest possible solutions to the problems.(250 words)

A comprehensive geography by Khullar

Why this question:

The question is about dealing the issues related to agriculture with specific focus on land holdings and land fragmentation issues.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the problems related to land holdings, land fragmentations and their effect on the agriculture practices of the country and farm income.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief write up on the current conditions of land holdings.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Paint a picture of the current status of land holdings in India, what are the issues associated with it, why is it a cause of concern? What are the challenges posed by it etc.

Then discuss the impact of it on farmers, what needs to be done to overcome the challenges and concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and suggest way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude and values

6) Discuss the role of ‘attitude’ in one’s life with suitable examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the importance of attitude in one’s life. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the aspects related to ‘Attitude’ as a key attribute in defining one’s behaviour and lifestyle.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define attitude in brief.

Body:

Explain the following:

  • What is importance of attitude?
  • What is an example of an attitude?
  • Why is attitude important in the workplace?
  • How your attitude affects your life?
  • Discuss its significance with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by asserting importance of right attitude in one’s life.


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Public service is a privilege that must be based on pure moral foundations. Elucidate.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is about discussing significance of good moral foundations for public services.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way moral foundations are necessary for the right exercise of the public services.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with what you understand by moral foundations.

Body:

There is no fixed set of answer to it, one has to justify how and in what way strong moral grounds/foundations are necessary for a public servant to exercise his/her duty. Then explain in what way these moral foundations can be strengthened.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting what needs to be done to ensure moral grounds in public services.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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