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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 June 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of
irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural
produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

1)  The increasing rate of Glacier meltdown calls for focused strategies to tackle its causes and consequences, the situation thus can be considered as an opportunity in many ways alongside the crisis for India. Analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article brings out the glacier meltdown of Himalayas and how it has both good and bad consequences.

Key demand of the question:

One must weigh the positives and negatives of the glacier meltdown being witnessed in the Himalayan glaciers.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with facts of climate changing around the Himalayan glaciers.

Body:

Explain the melting of Himalayan glaciers, and that Himalayas are losing 8 billion tonnes of frozen water annually. Then explain how these revelation calls for focused strategies to tackle its causes and consequences. The Himalayan snow deposits, the lifeline of the rivers emanating from this mountain chain, are critical to meet the water needs of millions of people in India and other Asian countries, particularly during the pre-monsoon summer months.

Explain how this can as well be seen as a benefit to source the water scarcity issue, list the benefits.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Do you think reservations are now a policy device for employment creation and power-sharing rather than for the originally devised mandate of social justice? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

 

Why this question: 

The article is in the backdrop of the recent judgement of Bombay High Court that upheld the reservation given to the Maratha community.

Demand of the question:

The answer must analyse how the mandate of reservation has changed overtime and whether the aspects of the mandates are justified or not.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief background of the context of the question.

Body

Students must weigh the pros and cons of reservation polices, first explain how reservation process and intent in terms of the target community to aim for social justice has changed /transformed over time.

One must explain both pros and cons and provide for a balanced opinion.

Conclusion 

Conclude with what needs to be done and what should be the way forward.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

3) What is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)? Discuss the challenges around the vaccination, what are the views opposing and supporting the HPV vaccination?Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article states that widespread vaccination programmes can help achieve WHO’s global call to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the HPV and the challenges around the vaccination.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining what is HPV. ‘Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)’ causes penile cancer in men and cervical, vaginal, anal & vulvar cancer in women.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Have a detailed discussion on the HPV, its spread and onset.

Then discuss the current status of the Vaccination drive for HPV in India, explain the issues and challenges around it. what are the views opposing it, supporting it etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating importance of it.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) To tackle agrarian distress in a sustainable manner, direct income support to farmers needs to be complemented with reforms in Agriculture marketing and trade policies.Explain.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and must discuss the approach for sustainable agriculture and suggest solutions for tackling agrarian distress.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role of Agri markets, physical infrastructure that needs to be supported along with direct income support to make agrarian distress 

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe the conditions of agrarian distress.

Body:

The answer must emphasize on the methods of handling agrarian distress in a sustainable manner, one has to elaborate how income transfer alone can not be a fixed one-shot solution to the problems facing agriculture.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of having multi-pronged approach to address the distress.


Topic:  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5) Discuss the role of IT in Agriculture and also explain what are the major challenges in the spread of e-technology to farmers. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role played by IT in augmenting the agriculture system and as well explain the challenges faced in the spread of e-technology to farmers.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction by explaining the need for e-technology to farmers.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

Role of IT in agriculture; as a tool for direct Agri productivity and as an indirect tool for empowering farmers. 

Major challenges in the spread of e-technology to farmers – lack of literacy to understand the technology, gaps in infrastructure, reach, mobility and connectivity etc.

Explain in detail the associated hurdles.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

6) Do you agree that most of the time it is the circumstances that justify morality and not the morality itself justifying morality? Analyse and substantiate your stand with suitable examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based upon the principle of Morality.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail in what way morality can be affected by circumstances using suitable examples and justify to what extent it is feasible and right to let the situations define morality.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define Morality in brief.

Body:

Such questions are best explained with case studies or examples, explain incidences where morality has been rightly guided by situations at the same time it has been misguided too, draw a fair and balanced opinion and substantiate your stand. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of Morality in life in general. 


Topic:   Corporate Governance

7) What do you understand by Corporate Governance? Discuss the ethical issues with Corporate Governance in India? Suggest measures to improve Corporate Governance in India.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of corporate governance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of corporate governance, the issues associated with it in India. what needs to be done to set the path right for the corporate governance to work in the right direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief definition of corporate governance.

Body:

Explain what you understand by corporate governance in detail.

What are the challenges, issues and concerns in professing the same?

Discuss specific set of issues frequently witnessed.

Suggest what can be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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