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Space Activities Bill, 2017

Topics covered:

  1. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Space Activities Bill, 2017

 

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Key provisions and significance of the bill, the need for legislation on outer space.

 

Context: The government is likely to introduce the Space Activities Bill which will allow commercial use of space.

 

Features of Space activities bill:

  • It is a proposed Bill to promote and regulate the space activities of India.
  • The new Bill encourages the participation of non-governmental/private sector agencies in space activities in India under the guidance and authorisation of the government through the Department of Space.
  • The provisions of this Act shall apply to every citizen of India and to all sectors engaged in any space activity in India or outside India.
  • non-transferable licenceshall be provided by the Central Government to any person carrying out commercial space activity.
  • The Central Government will formulate the appropriate mechanism for licensing, eligibility criteria, and fees for licence.
  • The government will maintain a register of all space objects(any object launched or intended to be launched around the earth) and develop more space activity plans for the country.
  • It will provide professional and technical support for commercial space activity and regulate the procedures for conduct and operation of space activity.
  • It will ensure safety requirements and supervise the conduct of every space activity of India and investigate any incident or accident in connection with the operation of a space activity.
  • It will share details about the pricing of products created by space activity and technology with any person or any agency in a prescribed manner.
  • If any person undertakes any commercial space activity without authorisation they shall be punished with imprisonment up to 3 years or fined more than ₹1 crore or both.

 

Need for a legislation on outer space:

There is a need for national space legislation for supporting the overall growth of the space activities in India. This would encourage enhanced participation of non-governmental/private sector agencies in space activities in India, in compliance with international treaty obligations, which is becoming very relevant today.