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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 June 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of
irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural
produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.


General Studies – 1


Topic: population and associated issues

1) The crucial implication from UN’s World population prospects 2019 report is that India’s growing population positions more tests than opportunities. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question: 

India is set to become the most populous nation in 2027, surpassing China, according to an estimation by the United Nation’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The article discusses how India’s growing population poses more challenges than opportunities.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the findings of the report and explain the challenges and opportunities India has in the coming future.

Directive word: 

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with narration of few key facts and findings of the report.

Body

The answer must have the following discussions:

  • First discuss the key findings of the report.
  • Then move on to discuss in what way India’s growing population poses more challenges than opportunities.
  • Provide for an analysis of the consequences of growing population in different scenarios – rural regions, urban regions, men – women, different communities of the society etc.

Conclusion 

Conclude by suggesting solutions to control the population size and handle the challenges posed by it.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability.Cyber security related issues.

2) Do you think the Indian government’s intent towards data protection lie in favour data localisation? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses why the Indian government intends in favor of data localization.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the concept of data localization; Why government wants this? Concerns expressed by stakeholders and possible solutions.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with the concept of data localisation.

Body:

Explain the following points:

  • What is the issue associated?
  • What does data localization mean? – is a sensitive issue the world over and more so in India, given that this is a country of 1.3 billion people with over 1 billion mobile users. With technology developing rapidly, more and more devices becoming smarter and the Internet of Things taking over, a genuine concern around leakage of private data has gained ground.
  • Explain why data localization is necessary for India? What are the policies that imply data localization?
  • Discuss the concerns and challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the fact that there is an urgent need to have an integrated, long-term strategy for policy creation for data localization.


Topic: Important aspects of governance, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

3) What is the potential of India’s MSME sector? Discuss the challenges and concerns associated with the growth of MSME sector in India.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses the findings of the committee set up to undertake a comprehensive review of the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) sector, which has submitted its report to the RBI, It has examined issues such as access to finance and infrastructure bottlenecks that continue to plague the sector.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the potential of the MSME sector and the challenges it is facing in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with some statistics/data related to MSMEs in India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

  • What are the issues plaguing the MSME sector? – fiscal indiscipline, lack of infrastructure, Limited capital and knowledge and Non-availability of suitable technology are few critical issues in this sector, Ineffective marketing strategy, Constraints on modernization and expansions and Non-availability of skilled labour at affordable cost.
  • Explain the potential it holds in India.
  • Then move on to discuss what measures need to be considered? What needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the only way to create millions of jobs with decent wages is a policy re-imagination of the rights, needs, and treatment of formal MSME entrepreneurs.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) Discuss the major important cropping patterns of India along with the factors affecting it.(250 words)

Indian geography by Majid Hussain

 

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss mainly the factors affecting important cropping patterns and the key cropping patterns practiced in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is a cropping pattern. 

Body:

The answer is straightforward and direct in approach, one has to discuss the major cropping patterns of the country. Cropping Pattern mean the proportion of area under different crops at a point of time, changes in this distribution overtime and factors determining these changes. Cropping pattern in India is determined mainly by rainfall, climate, temperature and soil type. Then explain in detail the factors affecting it – natural and man-made.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


Topic:  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5) In India, a large part of the Agri supply chain ecosystem is either in the public sector, or strongly linked to it, do you think private investments in primary agriculture can prove to be a solution to make agriculture more sustainable for the country? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article debates about the role of private investments in agriculture and the possible consequences of it.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed analysis of possible impact that private investments would have on agriculture in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief background of the context in question.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

First discuss the gaps in agriculture system of the country – infrastructural gaps, financial gaps, role of government etc.

Then move on to explain what effect would private investment have on India.

Discuss what can be the issues associated to increased private investments.

Link it to doubling of farmer’s income and end with a positive note.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Case study

6) You the chairperson of State Public Service Commission, you come to know that there were instances of rampant cheating in the exam conducted recently by the SPSC. Your daughter who also appeared in this exam and who is confident of clearing it corroborates the same. However, she denies engaging in any such activity herself. Whatever decision the Commission takes is bound to affect the career of large number of candidates who appeared in the exam including your own daughter.

  1. Identify different stakeholders and their interest in the case above.
  2. Describe how you are going to handle the current situation.
  3. Suggest measures you want to take to make sure that a similar situation doesn’t arrive in future.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question needs are based on a situation of ethical dilemma involved in the case study.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the scenario involved in the case study – identify the stakeholders, effect on each of them and then move on to solve each of the bits from ethical perspective.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the backdrop of the case study and explain the nuances.

Body:

In identifying stakeholders and their interest, be brief and to the point. For e.g. In this question stakeholders are Chairperson, daughter and all other candidates.

In part B of the question give at least three and utmost four options to handle the current situation. Describe pros and cons of every option in brief. After defining every option, suggest option you are going to choose and why.  

In part C, try suggesting innovative measures to deal with such situation. In such question show optimism and uniqueness. Think from the perspective of a public servant.

Conclusion:

Conclude by way forward.


Topic:   Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Discuss the contribution of John Locke to the field of ethics.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question s direct and is about discussing the contributions of John Locke to the field of ethics.

Key demand of the question:

elaborate discussion is demanded about relevance of John Locke’s works in field of ethics.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief on John Locke like how the English philosopher and political theorist John Locke laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism.

Body:

Give detailed discussion on the contributions of John Locke and relate it with real life examples to show its importance in ethics. Discuss how his contributions are relevant even today especially in the administration from ethical point of view.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the importance of his work and its relevance today.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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