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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 June 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of
irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural
produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

1) The mobility landscape in India is undergoing a remarkable and revolutionary change with ecological responsibility and clean mobility making inroads in the country. Analyse in detail the transition from fossil fuels to the electric vehicles. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article talks about the mobility sector and the transformation it is undergoing in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse in detail the new agenda that is focusing on electric mobility in India.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the statement in the question and suggest its significance.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

  • First quote facts/data related to the transport and mobility sector in India.
  • Explain what is the new transformation? Why is it?
  • What are the associated challenges/concerns?
  • What needs to be done?
  • Role of all stakeholders etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that the transformation is inevitable given the current circumstances and rising population pressure and their demands.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.

2) Discuss the salient features of Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission and also elaborate upon its significance.(250 words)

pib

Why this question:

National Workshop on Experience Sharing under Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission was held recently.

Key demand of the question:

The Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) is a unique programme, designed to deliver catalytic interventions to rural areas on the threshold of growth. Thus, one has to analyse the key features of the programme and discuss its significance.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with the mandate of the programme.

Body:

Explain the objective of the programme, what is it meant for – National Rurban Mission (NRuM) is to stimulate local economic development, enhance basic services, and create well planned Rurban clusters. 

Discuss the significance of the programme.

Conclude with way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with reassertion that such schemes are key drivers of growth and development.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: money-laundering and its prevention.

3) How does globalization impact money laundering? Examine the recent policy efforts by the Government of India to address such problems.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question: 

The question is to analyse the impact of globalisation on money laundering.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the impact of globalization on money laundering.

Directive word: 

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief description of the question’s context.

Body

  • One can have the following points in the answer:
  • Start the answer by drawing the link between money laundering and globalization.
  • Briefly explain how globalization impacts money laundering.
  • Examine the recent policy efforts taken by the government.

Conclusion 

Conclude with way forward.


Topic Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) Write a short note on integrated pest management (IPM) also discuss the constraints involved in the same.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward on the concept of IPM.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the IPM system and the hurdles/challenges involved in practicing it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief introduction on the concept of IPM.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: 

What is integrated pest management system? – IPM is a managed pest management system that: eliminates or mitigates economic and health damage caused by pests; minimizes the use of pesticides and the risk to human health and the environment associated with pesticide applications.

What are some methods used in IPM? – methods used in IPM include one or a combination of the following: Cultural control (crop rotation, use of locally adapted or pest resistant/tolerant varieties, sanitation, manipulating planting/harvest dates to avoid pests) 

Provide for examples.

Discuss specific challenges involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5) What do understand by peri urban agriculture? In what way can it aid in addressing the effects of climate change? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of ‘Peri-Urban Agriculture’. One has to analyse how it would contribute in mitigating the effects of climate change.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the concept in detail and discuss its contributions in handling the climate change impact.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is ‘Peri-Urban Agriculture’. 

Body:

The answer must have the following points of discussions:

Peri-urban agriculture occurs in surrounding the boundaries of cities throughout the world and includes products from crop and livestock agriculture, fisheries and forestry.

It also includes non-wood forest products, as well as ecological services provided by agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Often multiple farming and gardening systems exist in and near a single city.

Green zones around urban areas.

Reduction in phenomenon of Urban heat island.

Lower need for transportation.

Diversification of food basket.

Restrict unplanned urbanization.

Conclusion:

Conclude with urgent need for policy changes like effective legislation, long-term  leases, leasing of the plots and gardens through a contract recognized by the municipality and correctly registered to promote participation by potential farmers, vegetable growers and livestock producers


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6)” If you want others to be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion.” Analyse the statement with focus on value of compassion. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is statement based and is about analyzing the value of compassion.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the significance of compassion, and how it is essential in happiness of self and even for others.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define compassion in brief.

Body:

Explain that Compassion is a deep feeling of wishing to alleviate. the suffering of others, Compassion can serve as a fundamental basis for human values and ethics, precisely. because a central problem of ethics is suffering and well-being, use examples to suggest ho compassion is a necessary value to profess.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the compassion.


Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.

7) Compare and contrast the values of Impartiality and non-partnership. How are they different from each other? Discuss with suitable examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the values of impartiality and non-partisanship.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail what is impartiality, what is non -partisanship, how are the two different from each other etc.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with brief definitions of the above values.

Body:

There is not much to deliberate, on must analyse the interrelationship between the two values and explain how Impartiality and Non-partisanship both form essential foundational values for civil services. While impartiality ensures equality without any bias and prejudices in the general, non-partisanship ensures a neutral approach in politics and a solid commitment to the government. Examples are must in such questions.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting how nonpartisanship is an element of impartiality.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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