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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 June 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governanceapplications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters,
transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1) Discuss the merits and demerits of the concept of “One nation, One election” for Indian polity. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Since the past few years it is observed that election take place frequently in some states of India. So, the state machinery and Election Commission of India engages its resources, man power to conduct assembly elections in those states.  Now the NDA government is thinking to go for practice of “one nation one election”.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse in detail what are the issues and concerns associated with one Nation, one election system and what are the advantages it would provide us.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with what is the concept of “One Nation, One election”

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

History of simultaneous elections, if any held in the past.

What are the issues with the concept of single elections for the country?

Then move on to discuss the merits and demerits of the simultaneous elections.

Merits – Money Saving, Speedy Development Work, Check on Black Money, Smooth functioning of the Government Machinery, better governance etc.

Demerits include – Local issues will fade out, Regional Parties: to have tough time and suffer, delay in election results, Constitutional Problems etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions.


Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

2) What is Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)? Why is it important, discuss its key features? (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the significance of ICANN.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the key features of ICANN, one has to discuss in detail

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief description of ICANN.

Body

One can have the following points in the answer:

The Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a nonprofit organization that was set up in 1998 to oversee the administration of domain names. ICANN coordinates and ensures the smooth and secure functioning of the cybernetic framework.

Then explain What it does?

The global nature of the Web today means that there are constantly increasing numbers of Domain Names, Host Names, IP addresses and web sites that are emerging on a daily basis. ICANN oversees this interconnected network and ensures that computers across the internet can find one another through defined unique pathways and identifiers.

Explain what are the major functions and roles played by it.

Economic  Growth: A  good  transportation system  is an important selling  point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs  thus losing  competitiveness  in international  markets. Efficient  transportation access  is therefore  a very important  consideration as it  has a direct impact on  sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri  Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.   

Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community.  The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.

Conclusion

Conclude with its significance.


Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance, applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3) Discuss the various dimensions of Governance in India. What are the issues associated with it? Elaborate. (250 words)

Governance by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is from the static portions GS II Paper.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the aspects/dimensions of Governance in India and the concerned issues.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on the timeline of various poverty alleviation programmes.

Body:

Explain that Department of Administrative reforms and Public grievances (DARPG) in its report “State of Governance – A framework of assessment” has broken down governance into five dimensions viz. political, legal& judicial, administrative, economic and social &environmental dimensions.

Explain each of these dimensions in detail.

Then move on to discuss the issues associated with them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions as to what can be done.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance, applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4) What is e-governance, discuss the potential of e-governance with respect to India and its future.(250 words)

Governance by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the concept of e-governance and its potential.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must elaborate on the concept of e-governance and its potential in detail and with possible examples wherever possible.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on what you understand by e-governance.

Body:

The answer is direct and there isn’t much to deliberate. Discuss first the concept of e-governance, then the dimensions and various aspects associated with it. Then discuss the issues associated. What are the possible solutions to it? Quote relevant case studies and bring out the potential of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5) What do you understand by ‘Superconductivity’? Give it uses and applications. also, the claim of superconductivity to work at room temperature has been claimed to be significant, discuss why.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article discusses the recent research with respect to superconductivity. IISc researchers have reported superconductivity at room temperature. Their finding, now under review, will be a breakthrough if verified.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the concept of superconductivity and the significance of recent discovery in this direction.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on the concept of superconductivity.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

Superconductivity is a phenomenon which occurs in certain materials and is

characterized by the absence of electrical resistivity, Superconductors have the ability to conduct electricity without the less of energy. Inside a superconductor the behaviour of electrons is vastly different. The impurities and lattice are still there, but the movement of the superconducting electrons through the obstacle course is quite different.

Then move on to explain the merits and demerits, significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

6) One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real-life example.  (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the aspect of the value of ‘Integrity’ and how it is essential to not to compromise on it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of the value – integrity in one’s life.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain in brief what you understand by integrity.

Body:

Explain that compromising means one is  somewhere deviating from their path , may be out of necessity or compulsion or to do a favour to some body . In that deviation it may lead to any unetheical practice or may derlict your duties. If one wants to maintain the integrity in their professional life one must stick to the ethics and values.

Elaborate on the above using suitable example to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the Integrity.


Topic: corporate governance.

7) Do you agree that corporate social responsibility makes companies more profitable and sustainable? Analyse.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of CSR and its analysis.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the significance of CSR, how it itself makes the companies more sustainable and profitable in the long run.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on what is the concept of CSR.

Body:

Corporate social responsibility is a program under companies act 2013, under which corporates have to spend 2% of their profit amount on social service. With this service reputation of those companies will increase, in order to gain good reputation companies are competing among themselves in spending money under CSR. With this their sale/ demand for the product increase because this scheme also works like an advertise promotion, people also believe that quality of product/ service might be good and even to invest in such company’s people will come forward because of the trust they developed towards the company. It also motivates the employees of organization effectively, even govts also offer some benefits to companies, some financial institutions also provide the loans to such companies. In this way reputation converted into economic benefits of the company. This makes the company to run and gain the profits sustainably and even good will gesture of company also continues to raise.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its significance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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