- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
President’s address to both Houses of Parliament
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: President’s address- what, when and how? Significance and other key features.
Context: President Ramnath Kovind recently addressed joint sitting of Parliament outlining the govt’s goals for next five years.
What does the Constitution say about this?
Article 87(1) says: “At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons.”
First Constitutional Amendment: Originally, the Constitution required the President to address both Houses of Parliament at the commencement of “every session”. This requirement was changed by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
The President’s speech essentially highlights the government’s policy priorities and plans for the upcoming year. It is drafted by the Cabinet, and provides a broad framework of the government’s agenda and direction.