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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 June 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating
to Health, Education, Human Resources.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian society

1) From Kathua to Tappal, whatever has happened in the recent times shows that our inherent sense of social probity and decency in our society is waning. Critically analyse the statement in the backdrop of politicisation of recent rape incidents that have questioned the safety of our children in India.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The question seeks to address the growing politicization of the rape incidences and the treatment meted out to the victims by the society in a insensitive manner with lacunae in compassion and empathy.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the deteriorating conditions of our society with respect to treating the rape incidents and the victims of such heinous crimes.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on the recent incidents of Kathua and Tappal.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: Bring out the insensitivity that is prevalent in our society towards such untoward incidents.Explain the root cause behind such a mentality.Why and how such issues are politicized?What needs to be done?Suggest solutions – how can the society evolve out of such unwarranted behaviour towards the victim.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the alarming need for our societies to change and move forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) “Human health and animal health are interdependent and are bound to the health of the ecosystems in which they exist.” Analyse with suitable examples. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The author of the article discusses in detail Why healthy animals mean healthy humans, and how to meet that goal.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the interconnectedness between Human health and animal health as well as the effect of ecosystem on such an interdependence.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on the context of the question.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

Explain how developing countries like India have much greater stake in strong One Health systems on account of agricultural systems resulting in uncomfortably close proximity of animals and humans. This calls for strict health surveillance to incorporate domestic animals, livestock and poultry too.

Explain how animal health is connected with human health, explain with examples of avian influenza, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome etc.Discuss what needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the need to balance the interlink and care for health of both humans and animals interconnected to the ecosystem.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) The growing disconnect between higher education and industry requirement in India is a matter of grave concern, Discuss the role played by private sector in scaling up skill development initiatives in such a scenario. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Recently Directorate General of Training under the aegis of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Ministry has joined hands with Cisco and Accenture to skill the youth for the digital economy through its Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs).

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss and analyse the key role played by private sector in addressing the growing disconnect between higher education and industry requirement in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on need for focus on skill development in India.

Body:

Discussion should include the following: Discuss the current conditions of skill development in India.What are the lacunae associated with the policies trying to address the skill development programs? Role played by private players? And its significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the need to make skill development programs multi-pronged.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic :Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) What do you understand by cryptocurrency? Do you think legalising the crypto market can help beneficiaries emerge from the shadows and make productive investments in an economy witnessing a digital transformation? Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question:

The article discusses the current conditions of crypto market world across and the pros and cons associated, it analyses how cryptocurrency is something that can not be rejected as an idea in whole, rather world has to move forward and see it as a possibility with advantages in the ongoing digital transformation.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what you understand by cryptocurrencies; there advantages, disadvantages, debate upon whether they should be allowed.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on what you understand by

Body:

Discussion should include the following: cryptocurrencies – It is a digital currency which allows transacting parties to remain anonymous while confirming that the transaction is a valid one. It is not owned or controlled by any institution – governments or private.

There are multiple such currencies bitcoin, ethereum, ripple are some of the popular ones. Currently, they are neither illegal nor legal in India.

Debate whether they should be used or banned?Discuss the Indian scenario.Weigh the pros and cons, take clues from the article, relate it to the current digital transformation era.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.


Topic: Agriculture; marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

5) Discuss How has science improved agriculture in India? With the farm sector facing headwinds what structural reforms do you think Indian agriculture requires? Elucidate.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the role played by science in improving agriculture and the need for structural reforms in Indian agriculture system.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role of science and technology in agricultural improvement along with need for structural reforms to move into Agriculture 2.0.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with facts/data depicting significance of agriculture to Indian economy.

Body

One can have the following points in the answer:

Economic  Growth: A  good  transportation system  is an important selling  point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs  thus losing  competitiveness  in international  markets. Efficient  transportation access  is therefore  a very important  consideration as it  has a direct impact on  sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri  Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.   

Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community.  The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.

First explain the conditions of Indian agriculture, the problems associated, issues and concerns related to structural reforms such as – market, farm incentives, diversification etc.Then move on to explain how the issues can be addressed.Suggest way forward, take hints from the article.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of structural reforms required and the role played by science in improvising agriculture systems of India.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.

6) Discuss the following concepts:

  1. Persuasion
  2. Perseverance
  3. Fortitude(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

One has to discuss the three terms in detail with relevant examples.

Key demand of the question:

The answer is straightforward and is about discussing the concepts in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on the need for these virtues in one’s ethical behaviour.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

  • persuasion is a process aimed at changing a person’s (or a group’s) attitude or behaviour toward some event, idea, object, or other person(s), by using written, spoken words or visual tools to convey information, feelings, or reasoning, or a combination thereof.
  • Perseverance: Perseverance is showing persistence and courage towards achieving a goal despite several challenges and difficulties. For example E Sreedharan, the metro man, displayed perseverance while completing the Delhi metro project before the stipulated time. Similarly, it was the perseverance of Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters that helped India achieve independence.
  • When someone has fortitude it means that they have emotional power or reserves and the ability to withstand adversity. People who have fortitude are described in an admiring way for their courage and this word comes from the Latin word fortitudo, meaning “strength.”

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting their importance.


Topic : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.

7) In what way are social values different from economic values? Discuss with suitable examples. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

Why this question:

The question is to compare and contrast social values with that of economic values.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss in detail how social values are different from economic values.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on importance of values.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

What do you understand by social values and what are economic values? – Social values form an important part of the society, account for the stability of social order. The values such as fundamental rights, democracy, equality, rationality, patriotism, human dignity are examples.

Economic values mostly deal with values related to monetary conditions.

Then move on to explain why Social values are important than economic values?

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of social values over economic values.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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