Topic: Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
2) Discuss the need for a new legal framework for charities in india.(250 words)
Indian polity by Lakshmikanth
Why this question:
The question is direct and is about discussing the urgent need for a robust legal framework for charities in India.
Key demands of the question:
Answer is to discuss the need for a regulatory legal framework for charities in India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines explain what the role of charities.
Discuss the following aspects in your answer:
The multiplicity of charity laws in India has prevented evolution and growth of a proper institutional framework in this sector.
While, voluntary organisations often feel harassed in complying with various legal obligations, institutions of the government too have not been effective in regulating the sector and securing legal compliance.
Instances of misuse of tax provisions, fraud and poor governance have become frequent. There is need to create an effective institutional mechanism which would provide a supportive environment for the growth and development of charities in this country. India being a federal Union, a decentralized institutional setup for charities similar to that existing in the USA, seems to be appropriate. The power of registration and oversight needs to lie with the State Governments.
Reassert the significant role played by them and conclude with way forward and need for recognizing their contributions to the society along with a regulatory legal framework for them.